LÉ Róisín (P51)
LÉ Róisín (P51) is the lead ship of her class of offshore patrol vessel in the Irish Naval Service. Commissioned in 1999, the ship's primary mission is fisheries protection, search and rescue, and maritime protection operations, including vessel boardings. Róisín or Róisín Dubh, is often used as an allegory for Ireland. However the original Róisín Dubh was a daughter of Red Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone in the late 16th Century.
|Namesake:||Róisín Dúbh, daughter of Red Hugh O’Neill|
|Builder:||Appledore Shipbuilders, North Devon|
|Commissioned:||15 December 1999|
|Homeport:||Haulbowline Naval Base|
|Status:||in active service|
|Class and type:||Róisín-class offshore patrol vessel|
|Displacement:||1,500 tonnes Standard|
|Length:||78.84 m (258.7 ft) overall|
|Beam:||14.00 m (45.93 ft)|
|Draught:||3.8 m (12 ft)|
|Installed power:||10,000 kW (13,000 hp)|
|Propulsion:||Wartsilla medium speed diesels|
|Speed:||42.6 km/h (23.0 kn) maximum|
|Range:||11,000 km (6,000 nmi)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||44 (6 officers and 38 ratings)|
|Sensors and |
|kelvin Hughes radar|
The ship was designed by Vard Marine (formerly STX Canada Marine) and has an all-steel hull based on the Mauritian Vigilant patrol vessel launched in 1995, but without the helicopter deck and hangar facilities. The level of automation incorporated into the ship's systems allows the ship to be operated with just 47 crew including eight officers. The vessel is designed for winter North Atlantic operations.
The ship is armed with an OTO Melara 76 mm gun dual purpose gun installed on the bow gun deck. The gun fires 6 kg (13 lb) shells and is capable of firing up to 85 rounds per minute to a range of over 15 kilometres (9.3 mi). There are also two 12.7 mm machine guns and two 20 mm Rheinmetall Rh202 cannon for anti-aircraft defence.
The main gun is controlled by an Ultra Electronics Command and Control Systems, Radamec 1500 optronic director with a daylight TV camera, thermal imaging camera and eyesafe laser rangefinder. System 1500 functions in automatic or manual mode. The system provides fire control for surface engagement with spotting corrections in both line and range and has an effective secondary self-defence anti-air capability. System 1500 can detect a small patrol boat at ranges in excess of 12 kilometres (7.5 mi), night or day. The ship's Kelvin Hughes surface search radar, operating at E, F and I bands, is installed high on the main mast over the bridge. The Kelvin Hughes navigation radar operates at I-band.
Command and controlEdit
The communications package includes VHF, HF, Inmarsat Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) and Differential Global Positioning System (DFPS) and secure communications. Three inflatable boats are deployed from each ship; two 6.5-metre (21 ft) Delta rigid inflatable boats (RIB) launched with Caley davits, and a single Avon 5.4-metre (18 ft) RIB.
The ship is powered by two Wärtsilä 16V26 diesel engines each developing 5,000 kW (6,700 hp) continuous power. The engines drive two shafts with Lips inboard turning controllable pitch propellers via single reduction gearboxes. Each propeller is 2,500 mm in diameter and functions at 300 rpm.
A Brunvoll FU45 CPP bow thrusters, rated at 340 kW with 5.6 tonnes-force (55 kN) thrust, is fitted for precision manoeuvring and station keeping. A pair of non-retractable anti-roll fin stabilisers is also fitted.
Three Caterpillar 3412D1-T generators each deliver 405 kWe at 1,500 rpm. One Caterpillar 3406D1-T emergency generator delivers 205 kWe at 1,500 rpm.
Construction and careerEdit
On 5 October 2004, Róisín was the first vessel on scene after the fire on board the Canadian Forces submarine Chicoutimi off the northwestern coast of Ireland. As Róisín attempted to assist the submarine, she suffered serious damage from the rough seas and was forced to return to harbour.
Róisín enforced a 200 m (660 ft) exclusion zone around the vessel Astrid which ran aground on 24 July 2013 near Quay Rock at Ballymacus Point, near the Sovereign Islands in southern Ireland, while attempting to enter the harbour near Kinsale, County Cork. Róisín stood by the merchant vessel Abuk Lion in the Irish Sea 30 nautical miles (56 km; 35 mi) off Kinsale, County Cork on 30 December 2013 when that vessel was in difficulties. Abuk Lion was later taken in tow by Celtic Isle.
From May to July 2016 Róisin was deployed to the Mediterranean as part of a humanitarian mission during the European migrant crisis, and was involved in the rescue of several hundred people from unseaworthy vessels.
- "Naval Service". L.E. Roisin P 51. The Defence Forces Information Office. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Roisin Class Offshore Patrol Vessels". Naval-technology.com. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Nine hurt on stricken submarine". BBC News. 6 October 2004. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Tall ship Astrid crew rescued off Cork". BBC News. 24 July 2013.
- "'Astrid' owner speaks of his sadness at decision to scrap the 95-year-old historic brig". The Irish Times. 19 September 2013.
- "LÉ Roisin Helps Merchant Vessel in Difficulty Off Ireland". World Maritime News. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- "Irish navy intercepts massive cocaine shipment off coast of Cork". theguardian.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "LÉ Róisín leaves for Mediterranean mission". RTÉ News. 1 May 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "LÉ Róisín rescues 395 migrants in the Mediterranean". Irish Times. 23 May 2016.
- "First rescue operation in the Mediterranean for LE Roisin". Naval Today. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "LÉ Róisín crew returns after rescuing 1,263 refugees". Irish Examiner. 17 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
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