Krasukha (electronic warfare system)

The Krasukha (Russian: Красуха; English: Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade) is a Russian mobile, ground-based, electronic warfare (EW) system. This system is produced by the KRET corporation on different wheeled platforms.[1] The Krasukha's primary targets are airborne radio-electronics (such as UAVs) and airborne systems guided by radar. The Krasukha has multiple applications in the Russian Armed Forces.[2]

1L269 Krasukha-2/4
Krasukha-2 (Красуха-2) Unloaded.jpg
MAKS2015part6-51.jpg
Krasukha-2 and -4 at Engineering Technologies 2014
TypeElectronic Counter Measure system
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2014–present
Used byRussian Federation
Production history
DesignerKRET corporation
ManufacturerKRET corporation,
BAZ (for wheeled platform of Krasukha-4)
Produced2010–present
Variants1L269 Krasukha-2
1RL257 Krasukha-4
Specifications

Operational
range
  • Krasukha-2: 250 km
  • Krasukha-4: 300 km

Krasukha-2Edit

The Krasukha-2 aims to jam AWACS at ranges of up to 250 kilometres (160 mi).[2][3] The Krasukha-2 can also jam other airborne radars, such as those for radar-guided missiles. The missiles, once jammed, then receive a false target away from the original to ensure that the missiles no longer pose a threat. The Krasukha-2 guards mobile high-priority targets such as the 9K720 Iskander SRBM.[2]

Krasukha-4Edit

The Krasukha-4 broadband multifunctional jamming station is mounted on a BAZ-6910-022 four-axle-chassis. Like the Krasukha-2, the Krasukha-4 counters AWACS and other airborne radar systems. The Krasukha-4 has the range effectively to disrupt low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites and can cause permanent damage to targeted radio-electronic devices.[4] Ground based radars are also a viable target for the Krasukha-4.[1]

OperatorsEdit

Operational historyEdit

Krasukha jammers were reportedly deployed to support Russian forces in Syria.[8] They have reportedly been blocking small U.S. surveillance drones from receiving GPS satellite signals.[9] During the Turkish intervention in the Syrian civil war, the complex apparently destroyed a Bayraktar drone by causing it to lose control, subsequently crashing.[10]

In July 2018, an OSCE monitoring mission drone recorded a 1L269 Krasukha-2 among other electronic warfare equipment deployed near Chornukhyne, Ukraine.[11]

In 2020, Krasukha was reportedly operating around the Russian military base at Gyumri in Armenia to counter the use by Azerbaijan of Turkish-made Bayraktar armed drones as well as Israel-made Harop loitering munition (suicide drones).[12]

The first export contract was officially signed in August 2021.[13]

Krasukha-4 models are also being employed in the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine, as Ukrainian forces captured one of these devices in the field near Kyiv. A photograph posted to social media claims to show part of the system, which has been separated from its truck mount and shows some damage.[14][15] The unit was then sent to the United States for examination.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b ""Electronic warfare complex "Krasuha-4""". KRET. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "1L269 Krasukha-2". Deagel.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  3. ^ "KRET has fulfilled the state defense order for the delivery of Krasuha-2". Rostek. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Krasukha-4". Deagel.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  5. ^ Secret-difa3 (13 December 2013). "Tout sur la défense au Maghreb: L'Algérie se dote d'un système de brouillage innovant". Tout sur la défense au Maghreb. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  6. ^ دفاع و امنیت (4 August 2019). "سامانه مرموز جنگال در ایران +فیلم". mashreghnews.ir/service/defence-news. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  7. ^ "GNA Turkish UAV airstrike on Electronic Warfare System Krasukha south to Sirte last night Sirte".
  8. ^ Axe, David (21 October 2017). "The jammer can disrupt an enemy's own signals, potentially preventing ground-based controllers from steering their drones via satellite". Vice News. Russia deployed Krasukha systems to Syria in an effort to form a sort of electronic shield over Russian and allied forces in the country.
  9. ^ Varfolomeeva, Anna (1 May 2018). "Signaling strength: Russia's real Syria success is electronic warfare against the US". The Defense Post. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Published a photo of the Turkish Bayraktar TB2, shot down, presumably by the Russian complex "Krasukha"". avia-pro.net. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  11. ^ OSCE. "Latest from the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM), based on information received as of 19:30, 10 August 2018". osce.org. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  12. ^ Bryen, Stephen (26 October 2020). "Russia knocking Turkish drones from Armenian skies". Asia Times. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Russia inks deals at Army 2021 forum on delivery of latest electronic warfare systems".
  14. ^ "Ukraine: We managed to identify this bizarre "container", captured today by the UA forces near Kyiv".
  15. ^ thedrive.com 22 March 2022: Ukraine Just Captured Part Of One Of Russia's Most Capable Electronic Warfare Systems
  16. ^ Nicholls, Dominic (23 March 2022). "Russian military secrets could be laid bare after Ukraine captures electronic warfare systems". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 19 July 2022.