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Kingsbury Watermill is a Grade II Listed[1][2] former watermill on the River Ver in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England.[3]

Kingsbury Watermill
Kingsbury Water Mill 20031012-007.jpg
Kingsbury Watermill
Kingsbury Watermill is located in Hertfordshire
Kingsbury Watermill
Kingsbury Watermill within Hertfordshire
General information
TypeWatermill
LocationOn the River Ver, St Albans
Town or citySt Albans (unparished)
CountryEngland
Coordinates51°45′16.2″N 0°21′8.28″W / 51.754500°N 0.3523000°W / 51.754500; -0.3523000Coordinates: 51°45′16.2″N 0°21′8.28″W / 51.754500°N 0.3523000°W / 51.754500; -0.3523000
Openedc. 1570

Contents

HistoryEdit

There is no certain date of inception for Kingsbury Mill, however, the large quantity of timber used in its construction would point to it having been built during the Elizabethan era, on a site previously used for milling. A neighbouring Grade II* listed[2] barn has been dated to 1373, and as a result it is likely this was used to support the mill that stood on the site. During the eighteenth century a Georgian brick facade added. Since this time, the Mill has remained largely unchanged.[4]

Kingsbury Mill stood in land belonging to St Albans Abbey at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries across the country.[5] The mill is again referred to 1568 when a "watermill and free fishery in St Michael's" were conveyed to Sir Nicholas Bacon by John and Frances Machell. Following the death of Sir Nicholas and his eldest son Anthony, the Gorhambury Estate, and thus the mill, passed on to noted scientist and statesmen Francis Bacon. Following Francis' death, the estate was bequeathed to Thomas Meautys who was married to Anne Bacon, the great granddaughter of Sir Nicholas. The estate was purchased from Meautys by Sir Harbottle Grimston, the forerunner of the Earl of Verulam title.

The mill was modernised in the 19th century, and is reported to have been fully functional up until the 1960s.[6] The milling machinery was subsequently restored in 1972, which included two pairs of millstones and a breastshot wheel.[7]

Present DayEdit

No longer used a functioning mill, Kingsbury has been home to a restaurant - The Waffle House - since 1978.[8] The restaurant specialises in sweet and savoury Belgian waffles, the flour for which is milled at the Redbournbury Mill,[9] approximately 3 miles away, which was also formerly part of the Gorhambury Estate. The large block of stone at the front of the mill is Hertfordshire puddingstone.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Historic England - Kingsbury Mill". Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Fishpool Street and St Michael's Village - St Albans City & District Council" (PDF). Retrieved December 6, 2017.Pg.3
  3. ^ "Visit Britain - A weekend in St Albans". Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  4. ^ "Society of St Michael's & Kingsbury - Watermill". Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  5. ^ "Parishes: St Michael's - British History Online". Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "St Albans Through Time - Robert Bard". Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  7. ^ "Parishes: National Mills Weekend - Kingsbury Watermill, St Albans". Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  8. ^ "The Waffle House". Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  9. ^ "Food - The Waffle House". Retrieved December 6, 2017.

External linksEdit