Kingri (string instrument)

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Kingri is a chordophone Indian bowed string instrument (string spike fiddle), similar to Rabab and Ravanastron. It has a resonator box of unglazed pottery, through which a stick is passed to function as the neck. [1]

String instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification
(Composite chordophone sounded with a bow)
DevelopedAncient India
Related instruments

Ravanahatha Rabab



The Kingri is mentioned in the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, in many Ancient Indian Brahmin's tales. [2] and in Punjab's folk music.[3] The kingri is also used in traditional death ceremonies, marriages and religious festivals in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Texture and TimbreEdit

The kingri first appeared as a single string instrument and has since evolved into a three string instrument. A long piece of bamboo is inserted into the fingerboard with three pegs. The strings on the bow are made by using three tufts of horse hair or Goongaru.[4] The strings on the instrument were originally made of animal gut, but modern day Indian gypsies typically use low quality steel strings instead, resulting in more vibrato and lending the instrument a sound similar to the violin.

Modern useEdit

Sri Lankan composer Dinesh Subasinghe used the kingri on the album Rawan Nada as well as for performing folk music.[5][6] In 2007, Subasinghe made some modifications to the instrument and discovered it to be another close version of the Ravanstron mentioned in Abele and Niederheitmann's The Violin: Its History & Construction.[7].for the first time a four string Kingri has created by Sandaruwan Ranatunga in Sri Lanka & it was used by Dinesh Subasinghe in various musical recordings,

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "kingri". Retrieved 2013-12-05.
  2. ^ "Soul's Journey". Archived from the original on 2013-12-11. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
  3. ^ "The Fourfold Heritage (Music of Punjab)". Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  4. ^ "Kingri in India". 2005-06-07. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
  5. ^ ":: Daily Mirror – Opinion ::". 2007-11-25. Archived from the original on 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
  6. ^ "Creative tunes". 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
  7. ^ This refers to the following book: Abele and Niederheitmann, The Violin: Its History & Construction, Illustrated & described, From Many Sources. London: William Reeves, 1900–1930. Translated by John Broadhouse.