Kızıl Kule

The Kızıl Kule (Red Tower) is a historical tower in the Turkish city of Alanya. The building is considered to be the symbol of the city, and is even used on the city's flag.

Red Tower
Kızıl Kule
Alanya Red Tower 2.jpg
The Tower as seen from the water
General information
Architectural styleSeljuk architecture
LocationAlanya, Turkey
Height33 m
Diameter29 m


Interior view.

Construction of the building began in the early reign of the Anatolian Seljuq Sultan Ala ad-Din Kay Qubadh I and was completed in 1226. The sultan brought the accomplished architect Ebu Ali Reha from Aleppo, Syria, to Alanya to complete the building.[1] The octagonal red brick tower protects the Tersane (shipyard) which dates from 1221.

The name derives from the more red color brick he used in its construction.[2] The building itself is 33 m (108 ft) high and 12.5 m (41 ft) wide.[3] It remains one of the finest examples of medieval military architecture, and is the best preserved Seljuk building in the city. Like many buildings in the city, the tower flies a Turkish Flag from its crenelations.

In 1979 the city opened the Ethnographic Museum of Alanya inside of the tower.[4] Besides providing visitors with a history of the tower and town, the museum gives attention to the heraldry, in particular the Seljuq double headed eagle that is used on the city flag.

The tower was depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 250,000 lira banknotes from 1992 to 2005.[5]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Ancient cities and historical sites - Alanya". Antalya Web Site. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  3. ^ Archived August 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Archived February 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey Archived 2009-06-03 at WebCite. Banknote Museum: 7. Emission Group - Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Turkish Lira - I. Series Archived 2008-11-22 at the Wayback Machine, II. Series Archived 2008-11-22 at the Wayback Machine & III. Series Archived 2008-11-22 at the Wayback Machine. – Retrieved on 20 April 2009.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 36°32′11″N 31°59′53″E / 36.53651°N 31.99797°E / 36.53651; 31.99797