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The Juruá River (Portuguese Rio Juruá; Spanish Río Yurúa) is a southern affluent river of the Amazon River west of the Purus River, sharing with this the bottom of the immense inland Amazon depression, and having all the characteristics of the Purus as regards curvature, sluggishness and general features of the low, half-flooded forest country it traverses.

Juruá River
Rio Jurua, Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre.jpg
Juruarivermap.png
Map of the Amazon Basin with the Juruá River highlighted
Location
CountryBrazil, Peru
Physical characteristics
MouthAmazon River
 ⁃ coordinates
2°38′9″S 65°45′22″W / 2.63583°S 65.75611°W / -2.63583; -65.75611Coordinates: 2°38′9″S 65°45′22″W / 2.63583°S 65.75611°W / -2.63583; -65.75611
Length3,100 km (1,900 mi)[1]
Discharge 
 ⁃ average8,440 m3/s (298,000 cu ft/s)
Official nameRio Juruá
Designated29 September 2018
Reference no.2362[2]

For most of its length the river flows through the Purus várzea ecoregion.[3] This is surrounded by the Juruá-Purus moist forests ecoregion.[4] It rises among the Ucayali highlands, and is navigable and unobstructed for a distance of 1,133 miles (1,823 km) above its junction with the Amazon. It has a total length of approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km), and is one of the longest tributaries of the Amazon.

The 251,577 hectares (621,660 acres) Médio Juruá Extractive Reserve, created in 1997, is on the left bank of the river as it meanders in a generally northeast direction through the municipality of Carauari.[5] The lower Juruá River forms the western boundary of the 187,982 hectares (464,510 acres) Baixo Juruá Extractive Reserve, created in 2001.[6] Since 2018 the lower portion of the river in Brazil has been designated as a protected Ramsar site.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ziesler, R.; Ardizzone, G.D. (1979). "Amazon River System". The Inland waters of Latin America. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 92-5-000780-9. Archived from the original on 8 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Rio Juruá". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Purus varzea", Global Species, Myers Enterprises II, retrieved 2017-03-15
  4. ^ Sears, Robin, South America: Amazon Basin, northwestern Brazil (NT0133), WWF: World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2017-03-28
  5. ^ RESEX do Médio Juruá (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-16
  6. ^ RESEX do Baixo Juruá (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-10-22