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Julia Ettie Crane (May 19, 1855 – 1923), also known as Julia Etta Crane, was an American music educator, and the first person to set up a school, the Crane School of Music, specifically for the training of public school music teachers.[1] She is among the most important figures in the history of American music education.[2] Crane was a student of Manuel García.[3]

Crane was inducted into the Music Educators Hall of Fame in 1986.[4]


  1. ^ Campbell and Klinger, pg. 276
  2. ^ Carolyn Livingston. "Women in American Music Education: How Names Mentioned in History Books are Regarded by Contemporary Scholars". MENC Sessions (April 1994). Retrieved May 19, 2008.
  3. ^ "Garcia's Method of Breathing", Werner's Magazine, December 1889, 270.
  4. ^ "Music Educators Hall of Fame Honorees". Music Educators Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 19, 2008.
  • Patricia Shehan Campbell; Rita Klinger (2000). "Learning". In Koskoff, Ellen (ed.). Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 3: The United States and Canada. Garland Publishing. pp. 274–287. ISBN 0-8240-4944-6.

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