Joint Liability Groups

Joint Liability Groups are a concept established in India in 2014 by the rural development agency, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) to provide institutional credit to small farmers.[1][2]

Joint Liability Group is a group of 4-10 people of the same village or locality of homogenous nature and of the same socioeconomic background who mutually come together to form a group for the purpose of availing loan from a bank without any collateral.


  1. Members should have a common activity.
  2. Members need not to have a land title.
  3. Members should be of the same village.
  4. Only one member of a family can become a member of JLGs.
  5. Members should not be a defaulter of bank loan.
  6. Member should hold regular meetings.

Who can promote JLGs?Edit

JLGs can be promoted by Business Facilitators/Correspondents, NGOs, Farmers Clubs, Farmers Federations, Panchayati Raj Institutions, Agricultural University, Bank Branches, PACS, Cooperative Societies, Individuals, mFIs and Many Others.

SHG vs JLGEdit

SHG is primarily a saving oriented group in which borrowing power is determined based on its saving. However, JLG is a credit oriented group which is primarily formed to avail loan from banks or formal credit institutions.


A bank can finance a JLG in two ways, either financing to a group directly or to an individual in the group. In both cases, all members of a JLG are responsible for repaying the loan amount.

Documents required by banks for JLGEdit

JLG should be first promoted by any individuals or institutions (JLGs Promoting Institutions). Thereafter, banks require KYC, Loan Application, Inter Se Agreement and DPN.

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) - JLGs SchemeEdit

NABARD supports the formation of JLG in project mode for availing micro credit from banks through all its offices across India. The scheme is implemented through good NGO, Farmers Clubs etc. NABARD has published one booklet on success stories of JLGs which is available on its website.


  1. ^ "Joint Liability Group to finance small farmers: Nabard". The Economic Times. The Times of India. Feb 21, 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Joint Liability Group (JLG)". Bangiya Gramin Vikash Bank. Retrieved 22 September 2015.