Jehan de Braine

  (Redirected from John of Dreux)

Jehan de Braine (c. 1200 – 1240) was, jure uxoris, the Count of Mâcon and Vienne from 1224 until his death. He was a younger son of Robert II of Dreux and his second wife, Yolanta de Couci. His wife was Alix, granddaughter of William V of Mâcon. Jehan was also a trouvère and a Crusader. He followed Theobald I of Navarre to the Holy Land in the Barons' Crusade of 1239[1] and there died a year later. His widow sold her counties to the French crown.

Of Jehan's poetry survive one pastourelle, "Par desous l'ombre d'un bois", and two chansons d'amour, "Pensis d'amours, joians et corociés" and "Je n'os chanter trop tart ne trop souvent". Of these "Pensis d'amours" alone is preserved in mensural notation, in the Chansonnier Cangé. In the Manuscrit du Roi and the Chansonnier de Noailles the melody ends on different notes. There exist three French poems attributed to John of Brienne that are in fact the work of Jehan de Braine.[2]

Moniot d'Arras addressed one of his chansons to Jehan, and refers to Jehan's nephew, Jehan le Roux, as Comte de Bretagne.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sidney Painter, "The Crusade of Theobald of Champagne and Richard of Cornwall, 1239–1241", in Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W. Hazard (eds.), A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189–1311 (Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), pp. 463–86, esp. 469.
  2. ^ a b Theodore Karp, "Jehan de Braine", Grove Music Online. Accessed 20 September 2008.

Further readingEdit

  • Guerreau, Alain. "Jean de Braine, trouvère et dernier comte de Mâcon (1224–1240)." Annales de Bourgogne, 43(1971):81–96.