Jean Taylor

  (Redirected from Jean E. Taylor)

Jean Ellen Taylor[1] (born 1944)[2] is an American mathematician who is a professor emerita at Rutgers University[3] and visiting faculty at Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences of New York University.[4]

Jean Taylor
Jane E. Taylor at ICTP Trieste (2019)
Professor Jean Ellen Taylor in 2019
Born
Jean Ellen Taylor

1944 (1944)
NationalityUnited States
Alma materUniversity of California, Berkeley, University of Warwick, Princeton University
Spouse(s)John Guckenheimer, Fred Almgren, William T. Golden
AwardsFellow of:
Scientific career
InstitutionsRutgers University
Doctoral advisorS. S. Chern, Frederick J. Almgren, Jr.

BiographyEdit

Taylor was born in Northern California.[5] She did her undergraduate studies at Mount Holyoke College, graduating summa cum laude with an A.B. in 1966.[5] She began her graduate studies in chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, but after receiving an M.Sc. she switched to mathematics under the mentorship of S. S. Chern and then transferred to the University of Warwick and received a second M.Sc. in mathematics there. She completed a doctorate in 1973 from Princeton University under the supervision of Frederick J. Almgren, Jr.[5][1].

Taylor joined the Rutgers faculty in 1973, and retired in 2002.[5] She was president of the Association for Women in Mathematics from 1999 to 2001.[5][6]

She has been married three times, to mathematicians John Guckenheimer and Fred Almgren, and to financier and science advocate William T. Golden.[5][7]

ResearchEdit

Taylor is known for her work on the mathematics of soap bubbles and of the growth of crystals. In 1976 she published the first proof of Plateau's laws, a description of the shapes formed by soap bubble clusters that had been formulated without proof in the 19th century by Joseph Plateau.[8]

Awards and honorsEdit

Taylor is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Association for Women in Mathematics, the American Mathematical Society[9] and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.[10] In 2001, she received an honorary doctorate from Mount Holyoke.[5] In 2017, she was selected as a fellow of the Association for Women in Mathematics in the inaugural class.[11]

Selected publicationsEdit

  • Taylor, Jean E. (1976), "The structure of singularities in soap-bubble-like and soap-film-like minimal surfaces", Annals of Mathematics, Second Series, 103 (3): 489–539, doi:10.2307/1970949, JSTOR 1970949, MR 0428181.
  • Taylor, J. E.; Cahn, J. W.; Handwerker, C. A. (1992), "Overview No. 98. I. Geometric models of crystal growth", Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 40 (7): 1443–1474, doi:10.1016/0956-7151(92)90090-2.
  • Taylor, J. E. (1992), "Overview No. 98. II. Mean curvature and weighted mean curvature", Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 40 (7): 1475–1485, doi:10.1016/0956-7151(92)90091-R.
  • Almgren, Fred; Taylor, Jean E.; Wang, Lihe (1993), "Curvature-driven flows: a variational approach", SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization, 31 (2): 387–438, doi:10.1137/0331020, MR 1205983.
  • Cahn, J. W.; Taylor, J. E. (1994), "Overview No. 113. Surface motion by surface diffusion", Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 42 (4): 1045–1053, doi:10.1016/0956-7151(94)90123-6.
  • Taylor, Jean E. (2003), "Some mathematical challenges in materials science", Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 40 (1): 69–87, doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-02-00967-9, MR 1943134.
  • Taylor, Jean E. (2006), "Soap bubbles and crystals", Resonance, 11 (6): 26–30, doi:10.1007/BF02838879.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jean Ellen Taylor at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  2. ^ "Jean Taylor", Biographies of Women Mathematicians, Agnes Scott College
  3. ^ Emeritus faculty listing, Rutgers University Mathematics Department, retrieved 2012-07-04.
  4. ^ Visiting members and research fellows, Courant Institute, retrieved 2012-07-04.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Jean E. Taylor: Five Little Crystals and How They Grew", Profiles of Women in Mathematics: The Emmy Noether Lectures, Association for Women in Mathematics, 2003, retrieved 2012-07-04
  6. ^ AWM history, Association for Women in Mathematics, retrieved 2012-07-04.
  7. ^ Overbye, Dennis (October 9, 2007), "William T. Golden, Financier and Key Science Adviser, Is Dead at 97", New York Times.
  8. ^ Taylor (1976).
  9. ^ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2013-08-25.
  10. ^ "SIAM Fellows: Class of 2017". Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  11. ^ "Launch of the AWM Fellows Program". awm-math.org/awards/awm-fellows/. Association for Women in Mathematics. Retrieved 7 April 2019.

External linksEdit