Norfolk and Western 2300

(Redirected from Jawn Henry (turbine))

Norfolk and Western 2300, also known as the Jawn Henry, was a single experimental steam turbine locomotive of the Norfolk and Western Railway. The N&W placed it in the TE class. It was nicknamed "the Jawn Henry" after the legend of John Henry, a rock driller who famously raced against a steam drill and won, only to die immediately after. It was designed to demonstrate the advantages of steam turbines espoused by Baldwin Chief Engineer Ralph P. Johnson. It was the longest steam locomotive that was ever built.[1] The unit looked similar to the C&O turbines but differed mechanically; it was a C+C-C+C with a Babcock & Wilcox water-tube boiler with automatic controls. The boiler controls were sometimes problematic, and (as with the C&O turbines) coal dust and water got into the electric traction motors. Number 2300 was retired, stricken from the N&W roster on January 4, 1958 and scrapped later in 1961.[2][3][4][5][6]

Baldwin 6-6-6-6-4500/1-TE
Jawn Henry
Norfolk and Western Railway 2300 "Jawn Henry"
Type and origin
Power typeSteam turbine electric
BuilderBaldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corporation
Serial numberBaldwin 75911
ModelBaldwin 6-6-6-6-4500/1-TE
Build dateMay 1954
Total produced1
 • Whyte0-6-6-0+0-6-6-0TE
 • UICCo′Co′-Co′Co′GTurb
Gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia.42 in (1,067 mm)
LengthLocomotive: 111 ft 7+12 in (34.02 m)
Loco and tender: 161 ft 1+12 in (49.11 m)
Adhesive weight818,000 lb (371,000 kg) (409 t)
Tender weight364,100 lb (165,200 kg) (when loaded)
Total weight1,182,100 lb (536,200 kg)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity20 short tons (18.1 t; 17.9 long tons)
Water cap.22,000 US gal (83,000 L; 18,000 imp gal)
Boiler pressure600 lbf/in2 (4.1 MPa)
Performance figures
Power output4,500 hp
Tractive effort144,000 lbf (640.54 kN) (at 9 mph)
OperatorsNorfolk and Western Railway
NicknamesJawn Henry
DispositionWithdrawn and scrapped in 1958

References edit

  1. ^ Blanton, Burt C. (May 29, 1955). "[The "Powhatan Arrow" passing the "Jawn Henry"]". The Portal to Texas History.
  2. ^ "N&W "Jawn Henry" Locomotive: Data, Photos, History & More".
  3. ^ "The Jawn Henry | Trains Magazine".
  4. ^ Holtzclaw, Mike (3 February 2020). "Free train presentation explores a real-life "John Henry"".
  5. ^ Wrinn, Jim. "Locomotive profile: Gas-electric turbine locomotives".
  6. ^ Young, Jan (30 November 2017). Jawn Henry Locomotive Book Page. ISBN 9781387408610.