James Lewis (CIA)

James Foley Lewis, (29 February 1944—18 April 1983) was an American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officer killed in the 1983 United States embassy bombing in Beirut, Lebanon.

James Foley Lewis
Born29 February 1944
Coffeeville, Mississippi
DiedApril 18, 1983(1983-04-18) (aged 39)
Beirut, Lebanon
Buried
Arlington National Cemetery
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchShoulder Patch U.S. Army Special Forces
Central Intelligence Agency
Years of service1962-83
RankMajor
UnitMIKE Force
Battles/warsVietnam War
AwardsBronze Star
Purple Heart
Air Medal

Early lifeEdit

He was born in Coffeeville, Mississippi on 29 February 1944 to James Forrest Pittman and his wife Antoinette as James Forrest Pittman Jr. His father was serving as a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division at the time of his birth.[1] In 1952 Forrest Pittman abandoned his wife and their 4 children who subsequently moved to Gulfport, Mississippi.[1] His mother remarried George Lewis in 1959 and James was adopted by his stepfather as James Foley Lewis.[1]:265

Military careerEdit

Lewis joined the United States Army on 28 February 1962 and qualified as a Green Beret. In 1967 he was serving with the MIKE Force in South Vietnam.[1]:266 During his service in Vietnam, Lewis was awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge, Bronze Star 4 times with Combat V Device, the Purple Heart twice and the Air Medal.[2]

CIA careerEdit

Due to his experience in covert paramilitary operations, Lewis was recruited into the CIA in 1970.[1]:267

In April 1975 Lewis was serving as an adviser to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) with his cover being as a consular officer at Nha Trang. As the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) offensive drew closer, he was captured together with ARVN Lieutenant General Nguyễn Vĩnh Nghi near Phan Rang Air Base on 16 April 1975.[1]:268[3] He was then transported north to Sơn Tây prison camp where he underwent repeated interrogation, sleep deprivation and malnutrition.[1]:260–70 He was initially the only prisoner, being joined several months later by 13 others including Paul Struharik, an AID official captured at Ban Me Thuot, Australian journalist Peter Whitlock, graduate student Jay Scarborough and missionaries John and Carolyn Miller and their 6 year old daughter Luanne. On 30 October 1975 Lewis and the other prisoners were transported by a UN-chartered C-47 to Vientiane, Laos and then on to Bangkok, Thailand.[4] As author Kai Bird notes, he was "the last American prisoner of war to come home." [2]

Following his return from Vietnam, Lewis attended George Washington University where he studied French literature, graduating with a bachelor's degree in 1977. During this time he met Monique Nuet, a Vietnamese-born pharmacologist and they were married in 1977.[2]

In 1979 Lewis undertook Arabic language training in preparation for assignment to the Middle East. He was first assigned to Tunis and was then transferred to Beirut on temporary assignment on 13 August 1982.[1]:276 Lewis was appointed as Deputy Station Chief while his wife Monique gained security clearance and was due to start work as a CIA secretary on 18 April 1983.[2]:294

He was killed on 18 April 1983 when a suicide bomber detonated a bomb at the US Embassy in Beirut. A total of 63 people were killed in the explosion including his wife Monique, Robert Ames, Kenneth E. Haas (the CIA Lebanon station chief) and thirteen other Americans.[5][6] He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery with his wife Monique. He and his wife were only acknowledged as CIA employees in 2012, they are memorialized on the CIA Memorial Wall.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Gup, Ted (2007). The Book of Honor: The Secret Lives and Deaths of CIA Operatives. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 263. ISBN 9780307428196.
  2. ^ a b c d Bird, Kai (2014). The Good Spy: The Life and Death of Robert Ames. Broadway Books. p. 295. ISBN 0307889750.
  3. ^ Veith, George (2012). Black April The Fall of South Vietnam 1973-75. Encounter Books. pp. 425–6. ISBN 9781594035722.
  4. ^ "14 Captives freed by Vietnam Reds". New York Times. 31 October 1975. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  5. ^ Woodward, Bob (1987). Veil. The secret wars of the CIA. 1981-87. Headline. pp. 288–9. ISBN 0747231680.
  6. ^ Hirst, David (2010). Beware of Small States. Lebanon, battleground of the Middle East. Faber and Faber. p. 192. ISBN 9780571237418.
  7. ^ "CIA discloses names of 15 killed in line of duty". LA Times. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2016.