International Wrestling Association (1970s)

The International Wrestling Association (IWA) was a professional wrestling promotion based in Cleveland, Ohio in the 1970s. It was founded by Eddie Einhorn and Pedro Martinez in 1975. The company descended from the National Wrestling Federation.[1] It was originally intended to be the first national wrestling promotion, but stayed primarily in the Mid-Atlantic region. Einhorn offered his wrestlers more money and benefits than competing promotions, helping to lure big names such as Mil Mascaras (the company's heavyweight champion). Einhorn left the promotion later that year, and Johnny Powers took over as booker. The company scaled down and stayed in Virginia and North Carolina. After losing an antitrust lawsuit against the rival Jim Crockett Promotions, the IWA closed in 1978.

International Wrestling Association
AcronymIWA
Founded1975
Defunct1978
HeadquartersCleveland, Ohio
Founder(s)Eddie Einhorn and Pedro Martinez
ParentNational Wrestling Federation

HistoryEdit

In the 1970s, Ron Martinez introduced his friend Eddie Einhorn to his father Pedro Martinez, and the duo established the International Wrestling Association in 1975 as a descendant company of Martinez's National Wrestling Federation.[2] The IWA was originally intended to be the first national wrestling promotion.[3]

Einhorn offered professional wrestler George Scott a $250,000 a year salary and percentage of the business to be his partner in the promotion, but Scott declined.[3] To get prominent professional wrestlers such as Ernie Ladd and Mil Mascaras, the company used contracts that guaranteed money to the talent regardless of ticket sales.[2] Einhorn also offered wrestlers deals that included transportation and lodging, in contrast to other promotions.[4] Mascaras was one of the promotion's initial champions. He mainly feuded with Ladd over the IWA Championship. Another one of the promotion's main feuds was between Mighty Igor and Bulldog Brower.[5] During the storyline, Brower attacked Igor on his birthday, knocking him into his birthday cake.[5]

The IWA's early house shows featuring Mascaras were competition for Vince McMahon's World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF).[4] One show at the Roosevelt Stadium featured former WWWF World Heavyweight Champion Ivan Koloff against Mascaras, drawing an attendance of 14,000.[4] Later, the IWA shows were taped for television and aired on WOR (Channel 9) while the WWWF aired shows on Spanish-language WNJU (Channel 47).[4] The IWA used new innovations like freeze frame shots and replays in slow motion to enhance the matches.[2] Ron Martinez acted as booker, announcer, and producer for the television shows.[2] Jack Reynolds and Tex McKenzie acted as play-by-play announcers, and Rick Gattone was the ring announcer.[6] Einhorn's plan was for the show to be nationally syndicated.[7]

Einhorn left the IWA in late 1975 due to business conflicts and a large financial loss.[2][8] At that time, Tom Ficara acquired the IWA Wrestling programming for his FBC Cable Network. Ficara subsequently bought TVS itself in 1990. Subsequently, Johnny Powers became the booker for the IWA and scaled down the promotion.[1] The company ran shows in Virginia and North Carolina for a couple of years.[1][2] Ron Martinez stayed with the promotion for three years after Einhorn left.[2] The promotion closed after an antitrust case that accused Jim Crockett, Jr. of preventing the IWA from promoting shows in the area's large arenas, including the Winston-Salem Coliseum.[1] The case was not successful and the promotion closed in 1978.[1]

The show was shown overseas in Nigeria and Singapore in 1978.[9] Clips from the tape library were featured on ESPN's Cheap Seats,[6] as well as ESPN Classic's Golden Age Of Wrestling.

ChampionshipsEdit

The main championship for the company was the IWA Championship. Mil Mascaras was the champion, winning it in Savannah, Georgia in 1975.[10] He also defended the championship in Mexico.[10] The exact lineage of the title is unknown, but Johnny Powers claims to have held it three times.[9] Even after the promotion closed in 1978, Powers defended the title overseas.[9] He last defended it against Bulldog Brower in Nigeria in 1982, after which he retired from wrestling.[9]

The Mongols (Geeto Mongol and Bolo Mongol) were the company's only holders of the IWA Tag Team Championship.[10] After Eddie Einhorn left the promotion, The Mongols also left, taking the IWA Tag Team Championship with them to rival Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP) in January 1976.[8][10] In JCP, they were billed as the International Tag Team Champions.[8]

The IWA North American Championship was the only title in the promotion to officially change hands. The first holder of the title was Ox Baker.[10] He held the title for less than a year before losing it to Bulldog Brower.[10]

Female wrestlers also had a title in the promotion, the IWA Women's North American Championship. The sole holder of the title was Estelle Molina.[10]

Former personnelEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Mooneyham, Mike (2013-04-22). "The amazing journey of Johnny Powers: From pro wrestling superstar to promoter, pioneer, entrepreneur". The Post and Courier. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Johnson, Steven (2010-02-24). "Announcer Martinez was instrumental in IWA, video world". Slam Wrestling. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  3. ^ a b Oliver, Greg (November 2001). "George Scott: Making Mid-Atlantic sizzle". Slam Wrestling. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  4. ^ a b c d Steele, George and Jim Evans (2013). "11. A Potpourri of Perspiration". Animal. Triumph Books.
  5. ^ a b Oliver, Greg (2007). The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Heels. ECW Press. p. 169.
  6. ^ a b Johnson, Steven (2008-10-17). "Jack Reynolds: A 'believer' who convinced the fans". Slam Wrestling. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  7. ^ Funk, Terry and Scott E. Williams (2013). Terry Funk: More Than Just Hardcore. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
  8. ^ a b c Bourne, Matt (2007-05-03). "The Anderson Brothers vs. The Mongols". Mid-Atlantic Gateway. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  9. ^ a b c d Wheeler, Jimmy (2013-10-13). "Forgotten Titles: Chapter One". Professional Wrestling Historical Society.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Ducan, Royal and Gary Will. Wrestling Title Histories (4 ed.). Archeus Communications.

External linksEdit