The Enguri (Georgian: ენგური, Abkhazian: Егры, Egry Russian: Ингури, Inguri) is a river in western Georgia. It is 213 km (132 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 4,060 km2 (1,570 sq mi). It originates near Ushguli in northeastern Svaneti and plays an important role providing hydroelectric power to the area.
|• location||Caucasus Major|
|Length||213 km (132 mi)|
|Basin size||4,060 km2 (1,570 sq mi)|
The river emerges from the high Caucasus near the highest mountain in Georgia, Shkhara, and winds through the mountain valleys to the northwest before turning southwest to empty into the Black Sea near Anaklia.
Since the Abkhaz–Georgian conflict, both Georgia and Abkhazia keep troops on the river; Russia also keeps peacekeeping troops. The only legal crossing-point is the 870-metre (2,850 ft) long Enguri Bridge, which was built by German prisoners of war from 1944 until 1948. There are also a number of illegal connections across the river.
The river plays an important role in the Georgian energy production. In 1988 the Enguri Dam was built at a height of 240 metres (790 ft). At 750 metres (2,460 ft) across and 271.5 metres (891 ft) high, it is the largest construction in the Caucasus. It has a capacity of 1.1 million cubic metres (39,000,000 cu ft) of water. The underground water works produces about 40% of the national energy production. The capacity is 1,300 megawatts.
- Statistical Yearbook of Georgia: 2020, National Statistics Office of Georgia, Tbilisi, 2020, p. 12.
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- Die Brücke der Deutschen Eurasian Magazine (in German)