Food security in Nigeria

(Redirected from Hunger in Nigeria)

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa; a residence for more than 206 million people.[1] Hunger is one of the major issues that affect the citizens. 40% (82 million people) of the citizens live below the International Poverty Line of $1.90 daily, whilst another 25% are vulnerable.[2][3] Nigeria was ranked second poorest in food affordability globally by the Institute of Development Studies, United Kingdom.[4]

This is due to a number of factors, including climate change, environmental degradation like deforestation conflict, and poverty.

Causes edit

Factors that contribute to the hunger in various states of Nigeria are insecurity, environmental factors such as habitat destruction, economic challenges, and devastating effects of COVID-19.[5]

Climate change is one of the biggest threats to food security in Nigeria.[6] The country is already experiencing the effects of climate change, such as more frequent droughts and floods. These weather events can damage crops and livestock, making it difficult for farmers to produce enough food.

Conflict is another major threat to food security in Nigeria. The country is currently facing a number of conflicts, including the Boko Haram insurgency in the northeast and the farmer-herder conflict in the Middle Belt. These conflicts have displaced millions of people and made it difficult for farmers to access their land.

Poverty is also a major factor contributing to food insecurity in Nigeria. Many people in Nigeria cannot afford to buy enough food. This is due to low wages, high food prices, and unemployment.

Impacts edit

Food insecurity has a number of negative consequences for Nigeria.[7] It can lead to malnutrition, which can impair physical and mental development. It can also lead to social unrest, as people become desperate for food. There are many consequences of hunger, namely malnutrition, undernutrition, nutritional deficiencies child wasting. According to UNICEF, there are three main outcomes: underweight at 36.4%, stunting at 41.3%, wasting at 15.6%.[8]

Historical data edit

Nigeria Hunger Statistics[9]
Year % of Population Annual Change
2018 12.60% 0.70%
2017 11.90% -0.10%
2016 12.00% 0.90%
2015 11.10% 1.30%
2014 9.80% 1.20%
2013 8.60% 1.00%
2012 7.60% 0.10%
2011 7.50% 0.10%
2010 7.40% 0.10%
2009 7.30% 0.10%
2008 7.20% 0.30%
2007 6.90% -0.10%
2006 7.00% −0.40%
2005 7.40% −0.80%
2004 8.20% −0.60%
2003 8.80% −0.30%
2002 9.10% 0.00%
2001 9.10% 0.00%

References edit

  1. ^ "Nigera, Country in Africa". Data Commons, place Explorer. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Hunger in the Land". Vanguard. Vanguard News. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  3. ^ Bongaarts, John (June 2021). "FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHOThe State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020. Transforming food systems for affordable healthy dietsFAO, 2020, 320 p." Population and Development Review. 47 (2): 558. doi:10.1111/padr.12418. ISSN 0098-7921. S2CID 237786887.
  4. ^ "Help! There's hunger in the land". Vanguard. Vanguard News. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Insecurity, others causing hunger, malnourishment in Nigeria – FAO". PUNCH NG. PUNCH Newspaper. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  6. ^ Adjei, Victor (2021). "Climate Change: Threat to Agricultural System and Food Security in Africa". Global Scientific Research in Environmental Science. 1 (4). doi:10.53902/gsres.2021.01.000518. S2CID 239227419.
  7. ^ Eme, Okechukwu I.; Onyishi, Anthony O.; Uche, Okala A. (August 2014). "Food Insecurity in Nigeria : A Thematic Exposition". Oman Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. 4 (1): 1–14. doi:10.12816/0016563. ISSN 2223-5833.
  8. ^ "Statistics". UNICEF. Archived from the original on 10 February 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Nigeria Hunger Statistics". Macrotrends. Retrieved 27 October 2021.