Humvee manufacturing in China

A Dongfeng (lit. "Eastwind") EQ2050 at the Manila International Auto Show 2013.

There are at least three Chinese automobile manufacturers building Humvee near-copies. One of these, the Dongfeng "Hanma" rely on imported U.S. made parts including Hummer H1 chassis and GM V8 6.5L diesel engines[1] Currently, these companies have the capability of making indigenous parts for these Humvee-like vehicles.

VariantsEdit

Dongfeng EQ2050Edit

 
Dongfeng EQ2050 in Beijing

During the 1988 Beijing Defence Exhibition, AM General presented a M998 4x4 to the People's Liberation Army.[2] The PLA didn't show much interest to the vehicle before the events of Operation Desert Storm, which made them interested in studying the vehicle.[2] The Chinese petroleum industry purchased Hummers through American commercial sources in the mid-1990s.[2] This provided the Chinese auto makers with an opportunity to examine the vehicle closely and provided an opportunity for reverse engineering.[3] Later in 2003, the EQ2050 made its debut in a car show after a prototype was made in 2002.[2] The vehicle became the preferred candidate in 2004 with 57 vehicles sent to the PLA for trials from 2004 to 2006.[4] The first 100 EQ2050s were made with American-made parts.[3] It passed design trials in 2006.[4] EQ2050s were then delivered to PLA special forces unit in the Guangzhou Military Region.[5] It's known as Mengshi in Chinese.[1]

The EQ2050 is based on an imported AM General Hummer H1 chassis.[1] The DFM EQ2050 is powered by a Dongfeng license-built Cummins EQB150-20 110 kW/2,700R turbo-charged diesel, but it can also be fitted with the U.S.-made V8 diesel originally designed for Humvee.[1][3] Both vehicles have a 5-speed gear box and a 2-speed transfer box.[6] They are both four-wheel drive with independent suspensions and central inflating system. The EQ2050 also has re-designed lights and radiator to make it look different from the original Humvee. DFM has cooperated with AM General Motors on getting American-made parts for the first EQ2050s made.[5]

A variant of the EQ2050 called the EQ2058 was made for military purposes, which has an armored body.[2] A civilian version of the EQ2050 is being made by DFM, which will use petrol engines instead of diesel engines.[7]

The Dongfeng CSK141 is a variant first manufactured in 2014, but was shown publicly in 2015[8] and in 2016 at the Zhuhai 2016 exhibit.[9] It has been seen in the PLA Hong Kong Garrison in 2017.[10] It has an all-round protection for 7.62x39 ammo.[8] Its subvariants include the Dongfeng EQ2101, a vehicle with a 6x6 configuration with the CS VN/11 is the export version, first released in 2016, with rear doors instead of clamshell type rear doors.[8]

While the EQ2050 was adopted by the PLA, it was also adopted by People's Armed Police Fire Fighting brigades[11] and by Chinese Public Security Police forces.[3][12] It is called the Hanma, an approximation of the Chinese pronunciation of Hummer.

An airborne assault vehicle known as the CSK002 Airbone Assault Vehicle is equipped with smoke grenade dischargers, a machine gun on top and an AGL on the front passenger seat.[13][14]

A 6x6 version is known as the EQ2025, which has a 4x4 variant.[15]

There's a pickup truck version made available for transporting objects on the bed.[16]

A civilian version has been produced, known as the EQ2040H Brave Soldier.[17] So far, it has been shown in auto shows.[17]

It was previously licensed to DRB-HICOM to be marketed to countries that wish to buy it in a RHD configuration.[18]

Shenyang Aircraft Corporation SFQ2040Edit

In 2002, Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC) revealed its own Humvee clone known as SFQ2040 LieYing (Falcon).[2][4][19] The missile system, mounted on an SAC SFQ2040, is similar to the U.S. Army HMMWV-mounted Avenger air defense system.[20] SAC also emphasizes the low cost of its SFQ2040 with the price being one-third of the U.S.-made Humvee.[21] A few working prototypes were made from 2002 to 2003.[21] At least 38 vehicles were known to be made.[22]

Unlike the steel body EQ2050, the SAC SFQ2040 has an aluminum alloy body, making it much lighter than the former.[21] It uses a Cummins 4BTAA-92 turbodiesel engine.[21] SAC lost out to DFM, which resulted in an attempt to create a civilian version of the SFQ2040, but it never went into production.[21] Both vehicles have limited armor protection against small caliber weapons. The vehicles can be fitted with additional equipment such as air conditioning, GPS, night vision equipment, vehicle-mounted radio, electric winch, and multipurpose weapon mount.

Xiaolong XL2060Edit

A third Humvee clone is the XL2060L Fierce Dragon from Xiaolong Automotive Technologies Co., Ltd.[23][24] XAT publicly rolled out the vehicles from its production lines on October 2008.[25] Trials are being conducted by the PLA in remote areas such as Tibet,[5] followed by tests in the deserts of Dubai.[26]

The XL2060L was on display at the Second Beijing International Disaster Emergency Response technology and equipment exhibition.[27]

The XL2060L was influenced from the Humvee and the Unimog.[25] It uses a Steyr diesel engine and its cost ranges from US$87,000 - $146,000.[28] Production is based from the Longyan Economic Development Zone High-tech Park in Longyan City.[29] Mass production started in early 2012.[26]

OperatorsEdit

 
Map of HMMWV (Humvee) operators worldwide. Dark blue shows HMMWV operators, light blue shows PRC HMMWV operators
 
DongFeng EQ2050 of Bangladesh Army
 
Chinese-built CSK-131

Potential operatorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit