Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 黄南藏族自治州; traditional Chinese: 黃南藏族自治州; pinyin: Huángnán Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan: རྨ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་, Wylie: rma lho bod rigs rang skyong khul) is an autonomous prefecture of Eastern Qinghai, China, bordering Gansu to the east. The prefecture has area of 17,921 km2 (6,919 sq mi) and its seat is in Tongren County.

Huangnan Prefecture

黄南州 · རྨ་ལྷོ་ཁུལ།
Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
黄南藏族自治州 · རྨ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་
Location of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceQinghai
Prefecture seatTongren County
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-QH-23

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2000 census, Huangnan has 214,642 inhabitants with a population density of 11.98 inhabitants/km2 (31.03 inhabitants/sq. mi.).

Ethnic groups in Huangnan, 2000 censusEdit

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 142,360 66.32%
Mongol 29,071 13.54%
Hui 16,411 7.65%
Han 16,194 7.54%
Tu/Monguor 8,445 3.93%
Salar 1,530 0.71%
Others 631 0.31%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Tongren County (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
21.6
(70.9)
27.0
(80.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.0
(95.0)
34.2
(93.6)
32.5
(90.5)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
13.9
(57.0)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
4.8
(40.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.9
(66.0)
21.3
(70.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
18.7
(65.7)
13.6
(56.5)
8.1
(46.6)
2.7
(36.9)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
7.8
(46.0)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
16.1
(61.0)
12.0
(53.6)
6.3
(43.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
6.1
(42.9)
Average low °C (°F) −12.2
(10.0)
−9.2
(15.4)
−3.9
(25.0)
1.4
(34.5)
5.8
(42.4)
9.1
(48.4)
11.2
(52.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.4
(45.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−10.6
(12.9)
0.5
(32.8)
Record low °C (°F) −22.6
(−8.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−15.0
(5.0)
−9.3
(15.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.3
(39.7)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
−10.5
(13.1)
−16.4
(2.5)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−22.6
(−8.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.10)
3.9
(0.15)
11.0
(0.43)
22.6
(0.89)
58.0
(2.28)
64.5
(2.54)
80.4
(3.17)
70.8
(2.79)
65.1
(2.56)
25.9
(1.02)
3.1
(0.12)
0.8
(0.03)
408.6
(16.08)
Source: China Meteorological Administration[1]

SubdivisionsEdit

The prefecture is subdivided into 4 county-level divisions: 1 county-level city, 2 counties and 1 autonomous county:

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km2) Density
(/km2)
Tongren city 同仁市 Tóngrén shì Official: ཐུང་རིན་གྲོང་ཁྱེར།
(རེབ་གོང་གྲོང་ཁྱེར། or རེ་སྐོང་གྲོང་ཁྱེར།)
thung rin grong khyer
Tungrin Chongkyêr
92,601 3,465 26.72
Jainca County
(Jianzha County)
尖扎县 Jiānzhā Xiàn གཅན་ཚ་རྫོང་། gcan tsha rdzong
Jainca Zong
55,325 1,712 32.31
Zêkog County
(Zeku County)
泽库县 Zékù Xiàn རྩེ་ཁོག་རྫོང་། rtse khog rdzong
Zêkog Zong
69,416 6,494 10.68
Henan Mongol
Autonomous County
河南蒙古族
自治县
Hénán Měnggǔzú
Zìzhìxiàn
རྨ་ལྷོ་སོག་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང་། rma lho sog rigs
rang skyong rdzong

Malho Sogrig
Ranggyong Zong
39,374 6,250 6.29

Rongwo MonasteryEdit

Huangnan is home to Rongwo Monastery, a Gelug monastery initially established in 1341 in Amdo on the Rongwo River.[2][3]

Further readingEdit

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

Coordinates: 35°31′09″N 102°00′55″E / 35.5193°N 102.0154°E / 35.5193; 102.0154

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1981-2010年) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2011.
  2. ^ http://www.baronet4tibet.com/sange_shong_info/rongwu.html
  3. ^ Staff (6 February 2008). "Longwu Temple - garden of Tibetan Buddhism and Western Region". China Tour Guide. Archived from the original on 14 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-04. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)