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Portrait of Hieronymus Makowsky (1603), engraved by Aegidius Sadeler

Hieronymus Makofsky or Makowsky (ca.1565–1630) was a Bohemian knight and a gentleman of the privy chamber to Emperor Rudolph II.[1] He is thought to have had a homoerotic (although not necessarily sexual) relationship with the emperor.[2]

In 1598 he sat in the Bohemian Estates as a member of the knighthood.[3] As a Calvinist, he was thought to have fed the emperor's mistrust of the Capuchins brought to Prague under the leadership of Lawrence of Brindisi.[4] He also dabbled in the occult, and in 1601 it was rumoured that he had used dark arts to bewitch the emperor.[5] In the same year, Rudolph awarded him the hamlet of Vřesce, in the parish of Ratibořice (now part of Ratibořské Hory, Tábor District), and its associated mining rights.[6] In 1603, when he was 38 years old, his portrait was engraved by Aegidius Sadeler.

In 1604 he was imprisoned in Křivoklát Castle after being accused of neglecting his duties, taking bribes for access to the emperor, intercepting the emperor's letters, betraying the emperor's secrets, and boasting that he held the emperor's life in his hand.[7]

He died in 1630.[8]


  1. ^ Henry Carrington Bolton (1904). The Follies of Science at the Court of Rudolph II, 1576-1612. Milwaukee. p. 110.
  2. ^ Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, ed. (2010). Mann für Mann: biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte von Freundesliebe und mannmännlicher Sexualität im deutschen Sprachraum. 2. Münster. p. 1001.
  3. ^ Böhmischen Landtagsverhandlungen und Landtagsbeschlüsse. 9. Prague. 1897. p. 496.
  4. ^ R.J.W. Evans (1997). Rudolf II and His World. Thames and Hudson. p. 90.
  5. ^ R.J.W. Evans (1997). Rudolf II and His World. Thames and Hudson. p. 47.
  6. ^ F. C. Watterich von Watterichsburg (1845). Handwörterbuch der Landeskunde des Königreiches Böhmen. Prague. p. 473.
  7. ^ Ferdinand B. Mikowec (1860). Malerisch-historische Skizzen aus Böhmen. Vienna. p. 82.
  8. ^ Manfred Staudinger (11 Dec 2012). "Hieronymus Makofsky von Makof". Documenta Rudolphina.