Harry Cust

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Henry John Cockayne-Cust, JP, DL (10 October 1861 – 2 March 1917) was an English politician and editor who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Unionist Party.

Henry Cust
Harry Cust by Cyril Flower (1890s).jpg
Harry Cust, photograph by Cyril Flower
Born
Henry John Cockayne Cust

(1861-10-10)10 October 1861
London, England
Died2 March 1917(1917-03-02) (aged 55)
London, England
EducationTrinity College, Cambridge
OccupationPolitician and editor
Spouse(s)Emmeline Mary Elizabeth (Nina) Welby-Gregory (1893–1917)
ChildrenLady Diana Manners (illegitimate daughter)
RelativesAdelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow (2nd cousin)
Marble monument with recumbent effigy of Harry Cust, sculpted by his widow "Nina" Welby-Gregory, who was an artist. Arms of Cust impaling Welby on wall. St Peter and St Paul's Church, Belton, South Kesteven
Arms of Cust: Ermine, on a chevron sable three fountains proper
For his father, see Henry Cockayne-Cust.

OriginsEdit

He was a son of Henry Cockayne-Cust, a younger grandson of Brownlow Cust, 1st Baron Brownlow, of Belton House near Grantham in Lincolnshire, by his wife Sara Jane Cookson.[1]

CareerEdit

He was educated at Eton College, where he was captain of the Oppidans, and at Trinity College, Cambridge,[2] where he was elected to the Apostles and from which he graduated with second-class honours in the Classical Tripos with a Bachelor of Arts. Initially pursuing a legal career, Cust was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1888 but was not called to the bar. Instead he decided to enter Parliament, and won a by-election in 1890 for Stamford, Lincolnshire, where the Cust family had been prominent landowners and politicians for many generations.[3] He left Parliament at the general election of 1895, but returned five years later in 1900 when he won a seat in the constituency of Bermondsey in Surrey, remaining until 1906. Meanwhile, he served as Justice of the Peace for Bedfordshire and as Deputy Lieutenant of Bedfordshire, as well as Justice of the Peace for Lincolnshire.[4]

Cust was one of The Souls and was attached to Pamela Wyndham, who later married Edward Tennant, 1st Baron Glenconner. Others in the same clique were Margot Asquith, Arthur Balfour, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon, Alfred Lyttelton, Godfrey Webb, and George Wyndham. Considered a brilliant conversationalist by his contemporaries, he had a reputation as a womaniser and was the natural father of the socialite and philanthropist Lady Diana Cooper, by his mistress the Duchess of Rutland, although this was not acknowledged until much later. Cust was also rumoured to be a natural grandfather of prime minister Margaret Thatcher, through his supposed illegitimate begetting of her mother Beatrice Ethel Stephenson (born 1889), who on 28 May 1917 at the Wesleyan Chapel in Grantham (firmly within the orbit of Belton House), married Alfred Roberts, a shop-keeper in that town, the father of the prime minister. Although there was no solid proof of this connection, Lady Diana Cooper often jokingly referred to Mrs Thatcher as her niece.[5]

In 1892 Cust met William Waldorf Astor, who invited him to edit the Pall Mall Gazette. Despite lacking any background in journalism, Cust immediately accepted. He soon transformed the newspaper into the best evening journal of the period, thanks in part to his securing contributors including Rudyard Kipling and H. G. Wells. Yet Cust rejected contributions submitted by Astor himself, who had literary aspirations; and this, coupled with political disagreements, led to Cust's dismissal in February 1896.[6]

After leaving the Pall Mall Gazette, Cust continued his career as an author. He wrote several poems, most notably "Non nobis".[7][8]

During World War I Cust was active in propaganda on behalf of the British Government. In August 1914 he founded the Central Committee for National Patriotic Organizations.[9]

DeathEdit

He died in 1917 of a heart attack at his home in Hyde Park Gate, London. As the most senior male relative of his childless second cousin Adelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow, 3rd Viscount Alford, 4th Baron Brownlow, 7th Baronet (1844–1921), he was the heir apparent to the barony of Brownlow, the Cust baronetcy and to the extensive Cust estates centred on Belton House. However, having predeceased the 3rd Earl by three years, the inheritance fell to his surviving younger brother Adelbert Cockayne-Cust, 5th Baron Brownlow, 8th Baronet (1867–1927).[9]

MarriageEdit

 
Emmeline "Nina" Welby-Gregory (1867-1955), wife of Harry Cust. 1890s portrait by Cyril Flower

As the result of a purported pregnancy, he married on 11 October 1893 Emmeline Mary Elizabeth Welby-Gregory (1867 – 29 September 1955), known as Nina, a daughter of Sir William Welby-Gregory, 4th Baronet by his wife Victoria Stuart-Wortley. The pregnancy was either false or a misrepresentation, and the couple, whose marriage was thereafter contentious, did not have any children. Nina Cust was an artist and a translator and editor of her mother's papers. She and her husband are buried together at Belton, and in Belton Church is an elaborate white marble monument with a recumbent effigy of Harry Cust, sculpted by her.

Illegitimate descendantsEdit

Lady Diana CooperEdit

His best-known lovechild was the socialite Lady Diana Cooper (1892-1986), legally the daughter of Henry Manners, 8th Duke of Rutland. Internationally famous for her beauty, she married the politician Duff Cooper in 1919.[10]

Lady Thatcher (rumoured)Edit

A long-standing rumour has held that Cust had an affair with a servant at Belton House called Phoebe Stephenson, who consequently gave birth to a daughter named Beatrice, who having married Alfred Roberts, a grocer in nearby Grantham, became the mother of Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[11] In the 1980s, the very elderly Diana Cooper referred to Thatcher as "my niece, the Prime Minister".

OthersEdit

Anita Leslie, in her book Marlborough House Set, implies that Cust had many more children by aristocratic mistresses:[12]

So much of the Cust strain entered England's peerage that from such a number of cradles there gazed babies with eyes like large sapphires instead of the black boot buttons of their legal fathers.

LegacyEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Ancestry of Harry Cust". wargs.com. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Cust (Cockayne-Cust), Henry John Cockayne (CST881HJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ The Cust baronetcy, created in 1677, was designated "of Stamford"
  4. ^ "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  5. ^ John Campbell The Grocer's Daughter
  6. ^ Damian Atkinson, "Cust, Henry John Cockayne", in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, eds. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), v. 14, p. 819.
  7. ^ "876. Non Nobis. Henry Cust. The Oxford Book of English Verse". bartleby.com. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  8. ^ "876. Non Nobis. Henry Cust. The Oxford Book of English Verse". www.bartleby.com. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Cust, Henry John Cockayne" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company.
  10. ^ It came to light in 2009 that Diana's son John Julius Cooper, 2nd Viscount Norwich was the biological father of the writer Allegra Huston, whose legal father was the American film-maker John Huston
  11. ^ "Roberts, Beatrice - Mother to a Prime Minister". 14 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  12. ^ Anita Leslie, Marlborough House Set, p.248

Further readingEdit

  • Anita Leslie, The Marlborough House Set, Doubleday, New York, 1973 - Contains an entire chapter on Cust (Chapter 23, pp. 241–248)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Harry Cust at Wikimedia Commons

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Lawrance
Member of Parliament for Stamford
18901895
Succeeded by
William Younger
Preceded by
Alfred Lafone
Member of Parliament for Bermondsey
19001906
Succeeded by
George Cooper
Media offices
Preceded by
Edward Tyas Cook
Editor of The Pall Mall Gazette
1892–1896
Succeeded by
Douglas Straight