Chrysler Hemi-6 Engine

  (Redirected from Hemi Six)

The Chrysler Hemi-6 engine is a family of inline six-cylinder petrol engines produced by Chrysler Australia in three piston displacements and multiple configurations. Hemi-6 engines were installed in Australian-market Chrysler Valiants from 1970 through 1981. It was also installed in the Valiants closely related variants, the Chrysler VIP, the Chrysler by Chrysler & the Valiant Charger.

Chrysler Hemi-6
Hemi 245 engine (17921636404).jpg
Overview
ManufacturerChrysler Australia
Production1970-1981
Layout
ConfigurationNaturally aspirated
Inline-6
Displacement215–265 cu in (3.5–4.3 L)
ValvetrainOHV 2 valves x cyl.
Combustion
Fuel typePetrol
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output104–225 kW (141–306 PS; 139–302 hp)
Torque output318–434 N⋅m (235–320 lb⋅ft)

Development and releaseEdit

Chrysler Corporation in the US had been working since 1966 on an inline 6-cylinder engine, called the D-engine, to replace the Slant 6 (G-engine) in Dodge trucks, but abandoned the effort after prototypes were built. This was Chrysler's first thin wall (lightweight) cast iron engine design. Chrysler Australia wanted a new six-cylinder engine for use in the Australian Chrysler Valiant, and so Chrysler USA sent a prototype engine to Chrysler Australia's engineers to continue developing the D-engine. The first 245 cu in (4.0 L) variant was released for the 1970 model year in the VG-model Valiant.

In a major coup for the company, Chrysler Australia's ad agency, the Young & Rubicam Advertising Agency in Adelaide, South Australia, secured the services of British racing driver Stirling Moss to promote the new Hemi-6 4.0 L (245 cu in) in 1969. The agency managed to fly Moss to Adelaide in secret for the advertising campaign, surprising Chrysler Australia's executives. Young & Rubicam's parent company were also the advertising agents for the Chrysler Corporation in the US.

Engineering and design featuresEdit

The Hemi-6 is a pushrod O.H.V. (overhead valve engine), with combustion chambers comprising about 35% of the top of the globe. This creates what is known as a low hemispherical shaped chamber. In this way, the "Hemi" moniker was used for the same kind of marketing cachet as Chrysler's 1950s-1970s Hemi V8 engines.

The Hemi-6 valves are angled apart (splayed) 18 degrees (included angle) along the crankshaft axis, and the intake valves are as large as 1.96 in (50 mm). The 6 intake and 6 exhaust valves open slightly towards each other and away from the cylinder wall, which results in less "shrouding" of the valves and greater airflow potential. In addition, both valves are slightly inclined across the crankshaft axis, similar to a conventional "wedge" chamber. The cylinder head is not a crossflow design, meaning the 6 intake and 6 exhaust ports are on the same side of the engine (the left, Australian and British passenger, side).

Unlike Chrysler's contemporaneous hemi V8 engines, the Hemi-6's rocker arms are mounted on individual studs (similar to the Chevrolet "big block" V8), rather than on 2 separate rocker shafts as in all 1951-58 Hemis—Dodge, DeSoto, Imperial, and Chrysler "Firepower" and 1964-'71 Plymouth and Dodge 426 V8s.

All Hemi-6s share a robust crankshaft supported by seven main bearings, and this family of engines quickly developed a reputation for excellent performance, economy, and durability.

The Australian Hemi engines were designed by a five-man team which included the late Maurice Harcus.

Versions and variantsEdit

245 cu in (4.0 L)Edit

 
Chrysler "hemi" 245 prototype, on display at the National motor museum, Birdwood, South Australia

The 245 was the initial version of the Hemi-6 engine. It was first used in the 1970 VG-model Valiant, and was available clear through to the final CM model of 1981.

Specifications (for 1bbl carbureted variant):

  • Bore x Stroke Size: 3.76 in × 3.68 in (96 mm × 93 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 9.5:1
  • Power: 123 kW (167 PS; 165 hp) at 4600 rpm
  • Torque: 318 N⋅m (235 lb⋅ft) at 1800 rpm
  • Intake valve head diameter: 1.845 in (46.9 mm)
  • Exhaust: 1 12-inch (38.1 mm)

245LC (Low Compression) released in 1977

  • Bore x Stroke Size: 3.76 in × 3.68 in (96 mm × 93 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 7.6:1
  • Power: 130 hp (97 kW) estimate
  • Torque: 180 lb⋅ft (244 N⋅m) estimate
  • Intake valve head diameter 1.845-inch (46.9 mm)
  • Exhaust valve head diameter 1 12-inch (38.1 mm)

265 cu in (4.3 L)Edit

 
Chrysler Hemi 265ci 6-cylinder hemispherical combustion chambers with large intake and exhaust valves (removed) and big square ports

The 265 cu in (4.3 L) was introduced in 1971 in the VH. It used a new cylinder block with a bigger bore diameter of 3.91 in (99 mm)—the same as many of the Chrysler small-block V8s—and a new cylinder head, having slightly more hemispherical shaped combustion chambers with larger valves.

The standard version of the 265 produced 203 hp (151 kW) at 4600 rpm and 262 lb⋅ft (355 N⋅m) of torque at 2800 rpm.

The top of the line performance engine in the E49 Chargers produced 302 hp (225 kW) at 5600 rpm and 320 lb⋅ft (434 N⋅m) of torque at 4400 rpm. The increased power is due mainly to a more aggressive camshaft, high-load valve springs, triple 45 mm (1.8 in) DCOE sidedraught Weber carburetors, tuned-length exhaust headers and a higher compression ratio of 10.0:1.

Specifications (for 2bbl carbureted variant):

  • Bore x Stroke Size: 3.91 in × 3.68 in (99 mm × 93 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 9.5:1
  • Power: 151 kW (202 hp) at 4600 rpm
  • Torque: 355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft) at 2800 rpm
  • Intake valve head diameter: 1.96 in (49.8 mm)
  • Exhaust: 1.6 in (40.6 mm)

215 cu in (3.5 L)Edit

This economy-orientated version of the Hemi 6 was released as a running change in early 1971 as the base model engine in the VH Valiant. This engine shares the same stroke length as the other engines but has a smaller bore size of 3.52 in (89 mm) and lower compression ratio of 8.0:1. It ran on regular petrol and produced 104 kW (139 hp) at 4400 rpm and 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft) of torque at a low 1800 rpm.

Specifications:

  • Bore x Stroke Size: 3.52 in × 3.68 in (89 mm × 93 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 8.0:1
  • Power: 104 kW (139 hp) at 4400 rpm
  • Torque: 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft) at 1800 rpm
  • Intake valve head diameter: 1.835 in (46.6 mm)
  • Exhaust valve head diameter: 1 12 in (38.1 mm)

ReferencesEdit