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Hasvik (Northern Sami: Ákŋoluovtta gielda; Kven: Hasviikan komuuni) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Breivikbotn. Other villages in the municipality include Breivik, Hasvik, and Sørvær. The population of Hasvik has generally been in steady decline due to problems within the fishing industry. Hasvik is an island municipality with no road connections to the rest of Norway. Hasvik Airport is served with regular connections to Tromsø and Hammerfest, and there is a two-hour ferry crossing to the village of Øksfjord on the mainland, providing access by car.

Hasvik kommune

Ákŋoluovtta gielda
Hasviikan komuuni
View of the western part of Hasvik
View of the western part of Hasvik
Flag of Hasvik kommune
Flag
Official logo of Hasvik kommune
Finnmark within
Norway
Hasvik within Finnmark
Hasvik within Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°35′30″N 22°18′10″E / 70.59167°N 22.30278°E / 70.59167; 22.30278Coordinates: 70°35′30″N 22°18′10″E / 70.59167°N 22.30278°E / 70.59167; 22.30278
CountryNorway
CountyFinnmark
DistrictVest-Finnmark
Established1858
Administrative centreBreivikbotn
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Eva Danielsen Husby (Ap)
Area
 • Total555.56 km2 (214.50 sq mi)
 • Land534.04 km2 (206.19 sq mi)
 • Water21.52 km2 (8.31 sq mi)  3.9%
Area rank195 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,022
(Decrease from last year)
 • Rank393 in Norway
 • Density1.9/km2 (5/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
2.4%
Demonym(s)Hasvikværing [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-2015
Official language formBokmål [2]
Websitehasvik.kommune.no

The 556-square-kilometre (215 sq mi) municipality is the 195th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Hasvik is the 393rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,022. The municipality's population density is 1.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (4.9/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.4% over the last decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

The municipality of Hasvik was established in 1858 when the northern part of Loppa Municipality was separated to form this new municipality. The initial population was 506. The borders of the municipality have not changed since that time.[5]

NameEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was probably Hásvík. The first element is then the genitive case of the local mountain name Hár (now Håen) and the last element is vík which means "cove" or "wick". The actual name of the mountain is compared in form with an old oarlock (Old Norse: hár).[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 13 July 1984. The arms show a white seagull on a blue background, which was chosen by the municipality as a symbol for the local fishing and fish processing industry which attracts many seagulls.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Hasvik. It is part of the Alta prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Hasvik
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hasvik Breivikbotn Chapel Breivikbotn 1959
Dønnesfjord Church Dønnesfjord 1888
Hasvik Church Hasvik 1955
Sørvær Chapel Sørvær 1968

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Hasvik, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Hammerfest District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hasvik is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Hasvik Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
Total number of members:15
Hasvik Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
Total number of members:15
Hasvik Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
Total number of members:15

HistoryEdit

 
View of the stranded ship

In the sea off the village of Sørvær, the stranded Soviet cruiser Murmansk ran aground on Christmas Eve in 1994 after her towlines snapped off the nearby North Cape. She was on her way to India to be scrapped at the time. Due to environmental and logistical concerns, it had to be removed piece by piece. Scandinavia’s largest demolition contractor, AF Decom, constructed a massive breakwater and dry dock around Murmansk to access the shipwreck from land and demolish it where it rested. The dock around the wreck was sealed in April 2012.[12] By mid-May the dock was almost empty of water and the demolishing of the cruiser began. The project was completed in 2013.[13]

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Hasvik is situated on the western side of Sørøya, Norway's fourth largest island (other than Svalbard). Most people in Hasvik are to be found in a string of settlements along the western coast: the three largest being Breivikbotn, Sørvær, and Hasvik. The municipality also includes the very sparsely populated northern part of the island of Stjernøya, including the Sørfjorden area. Stjernøya has no road or ferry connections.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Hasvik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.6
(33.1)
4.4
(39.9)
8.3
(46.9)
11.5
(52.7)
10.9
(51.6)
7.5
(45.5)
3.6
(38.5)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.2
(37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73
(2.9)
68
(2.7)
57
(2.2)
55
(2.2)
47
(1.9)
48
(1.9)
55
(2.2)
63
(2.5)
70
(2.8)
102
(4.0)
84
(3.3)
88
(3.5)
810
(31.9)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 115 & 117.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  12. ^ ""Murmansk" demolition in final phase,". Barentsobserver. 2012-05-16. Archived from the original on 2015-04-23.
  13. ^ "AF Gruppen information".
  14. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External linksEdit