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Harman International Industries, Incorporated, commonly known as Harman (stylized as HARMAN), is an American audio electronics company. Since 2017, the company has been an independent subsidiary of Samsung Electronics.
|Headquarters||Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.|
(President & CEO)
Number of employees
Headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut, Harman maintains major operations in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Harman markets its products under various brands, including AKG, AMX, Arcam, Bang & Olufsen Automotive, Becker, BSS Audio, Crown, dbx, DigiTech, Harman Kardon, Infinity, JBL, Lexicon, Mark Levinson, Martin, Revel, Soundcraft and Studer.
Sidney Harman and Bernard Kardon founded the predecessor to Harman International, Harman Kardon, in 1953. Both Harman and Kardon were engineers by training and had worked at the Bogen Company, which was a manufacturer of public address systems. They developed high-fidelity audio together. Harman bought out his partner in 1956 and then expanded Harman Kardon into an audio powerhouse, according to a biography written by the Consumer Electronics Hall of Fame.
Acquisitions and expansionEdit
In the 1960s, Harman Kardon grew larger and acquired other audio houses (such as JBL). In the 1970s, Harman accepted an appointment in the Carter administration as deputy secretary of the Department of Commerce. When Harman took office in 1976 as head in charge, he sold his company to conglomerate Beatrice Foods to avoid a conflict of interest. Beatrice promptly sold many portions of the company, including the original Harman Kardon division, and by 1980 only 60% of the original company remained.
After he left government in 1978, he created Harman International Industries and reacquired a number of businesses he sold to Beatrice. The company continued its growth plan with a string of acquisitions throughout the 1980s that pushed Harman International's sales from about $80 million in 1981 to more than $200 million by 1986, and then to more than $500 million by 1989. Harman International went public in 1986 with a stock offering on the New York Stock Exchange. Cash from that sale was used to, among many other purchases, buy Soundcraft, a UK producer of professional mixing boards, in 1988 and later – Salt Lake City digital electronics producer DOD Electronics Corp. By 1994, Harman International was selling consumer audio gear under such brands as JBL, Harman Kardon, Infinity and Epicure loudspeakers, as well as professional audio systems with such brands as JBL Professional, UREI, Soundcraft, Allen & Heath, dbx, Studer, DOD, Lexicon, AKG, BSS, Orban, Quested and Turbosound (the last one now under the control of Music Group).
In July 2011, Harman acquired MWM Acoustics. 
In March 2015, Harman acquired the automotive division of Bang & Olufsen for 145 million euros ($156 million) for the unit as well as technology license fees. The purchase didn't include Bang & Olufsen's consumer-electronics business.
In 2015, recognizing the increasing role of software and services in the markets it served, Harman expanded its capabilities around cloud, mobility and analytics with the acquisitions of Symphony Teleca, a software services company based in Mountain View, CA, and Redbend, an Israeli-based provider of software management technology for connected devices, and over-the-air (OTA) software and firmware upgrading services. With these additions, Harman announced the formation of a fourth division, which they called Connected Services.
In March 2016, Harman acquired the automotive cyber-security firm TowerSec. This acquisition increased Harman's competencies in the emerging automotive cyber-security field. This was evidenced by the subsequent launch of the company's '5+1 security framework' incorporating TowerSec's 'ECU shield' technology. This acquisition was notable for further demonstrating Harman's desire to expand beyond its traditional business areas of in-car audio and entertainment systems.
In February 2017, Harman International shareholders voted in favor of the acquisition by Samsung. On March 10, 2017, the acquisition was completed, with Harman becoming the independent subsidiary of Samsung.
Private equity attemptEdit
Harman International Industries was to delist from NYSE in Q3/2007 due to a buy-out by KKR and Goldman Sachs Capital Partners. However, as of mid September 2007, KKR announced they would back out of the deal. On the news, Harman shares plummeted by more than 24%.
Coincident with the buy-out deal, Dinesh C. Paliwal was hired as company president and CEO in July 2007. Paliwal was a veteran of the corporate turn-around. During his tenure as president of U.S. operations for ABB, the heavyweight Swiss-based automation provider, the company moved from a money-losing and siloed organization to one with double digit growth, doubled its share price in one year, and saw its bond ratings upgraded by Moody's and Standard & Poors.
- AIR – a cross-platform runtime system for building desktop applications and mobile applications
- AKG – microphone/headphones
- AMX – video switching and control devices
- Arcam – high end home audio – amplifiers and audio components
- AXYS Tunnel – Amplifier for public tunnel
- Bang & Olufsen Automotive – car audio
- Becker – car infotainment
- BSS Audio – signal processing
- Crown International – pro amplifiers
- dbx – signal processors
- DigiTech – guitar products
- HALOsonic – Noise Management Solutions
- HardWire – guitar pedals
- Harman Kardon – home/car audio
- HiQnet – control network for digital audio equipment, supporting communication over TCP/IP, USB and RS232
- Infinity – home/car speakers/headphones
- JBL – home/car speakers & amplifiers, professional speakers, headphones
- Lexicon – digital processing
- Mark Levinson Audio Systems – home/car audio
- Martin Professional – stage and architectural lighting and effects fixtures
- Revel – home/car speakers
- Selenium – home, car and professional speakers, amplifiers, sound tables/mixers
- S1nn GmbH & Co.
- Soundcraft – mixing consoles
- Studer – mixing consoles, sold to Evertz Microsystems 2021
- "HARMAN Unveils New Logo, Signals Brand Evolution". HARMAN Newsroom. July 30, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- Trentmann, Nina (June 13, 2017). "Samsung Takeover Allows Harman International to Think Bigger, CFO Says". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- "Samsung Electronics to Acquire HARMAN, Accelerating Growth in Automotive and Connected Technologies". Samsung Newsroom. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
- stereo.de 17 July 2017, Harman kauft Arcam (German), retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "Harman (HAR) to be Acquired by Samsung for $8B in Cash". Yahoo! Finance. Zacks Equity Research. November 14, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
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- Russell, Jon. "Samsung is buying Harman for $8B to further its connected car push". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- Mullen, Jethro (November 14, 2016). "Samsung bets $8 billion on smart cars with Harman deal". CNNMoney. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 28, 2007. Retrieved October 24, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Jimmy Carter: Department of Commerce Exchange of Letters on the Resignation of Sidney L. Harman as Under Secretary". Presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "MUSIC Group". Turbosound.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Harman increases Madrigal severance package". middletownpress.com. December 2003. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
- "High Quality Audio – High Quality Audio – About Us". Embedded.harman.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "HARMAN Completes Acquisition of Entertainment Lighting Company Martin Professional". HARMAN Newsroom. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- "HARMAN Completes Acquisition of AMX". HARMAN Newsroom. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- Tom Lavell (March 31, 2015). "Bang & Olufsen to Sell Car-Audio Unit to Harman in Focus Shift". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "Harman Kardon acquires Bang & Olufsen Automotive". Bmwblog.com. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "HARMAN to Acquire Software Services Company Symphony Teleca | HARMAN". News.harman.com. January 22, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "HARMAN Completes Acquisition of Redbend". HARMAN Newsroom. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- "HARMAN Completes Acquisition of TowerSec Automotive Cyber Security". HARMAN Newsroom. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- "Harman automotive cyber-security system". Deep Tread. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- "Samsung's Harman Acquisition Puts Pressure On Apple And Tier 1 Auto Suppliers". Forbes.com. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- "Harman International merger with Samsung Electronics approved by shareholders". Sammobile. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "KHI Parent Inc. - 'S-4' on 6/20/07". SEC Info. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- By , , on June 1, 2006 (June 1, 2006). "ABB Celebrates Turnaround". Automation World. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2016.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 31, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Harman Confirms Michael Mauser to Succeed Dinesh Paliwal as New President and CEO". February 3, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
- "Evertz Acquires Studer from Harman". tvtechnology.com. January 13, 2021.
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