Hadiqat Al Akhbar

Hadiqat Al Akhbar (Arabic: حديقة الاخبار; The News Garden) was an Arabic newspaper which was published in Beirut in the period 1858–1911 with a two-year interruption. Its subtitle was Ṣaḥīfat Sūriyah wa-Lubnān (Arabic: Newspaper of Syria and Lebanon).[1] The paper was the first private daily in Beirut[2] and the first Arabic newspaper which had a regular literary section.[3]

Hadiqat Al Akhbar
Hadiqat no.173 August 1861.png
Issue 173 of the paper dated August 1861
Owner(s)Khalil Al Khuri
Founder(s)Khalil Al Khuri
PublisherAl Matbaa Al Suriyya
Editor-in-chiefKhalil Al Khuri
Founded29 June 1858
Language
  • Arabic
  • French
Ceased publication10 April 1911
HeadquartersBeirut
CountryLebanon
OCLC number213490831

History and profileEdit

Hadiqat Al Akhbar was launched by Khalil Al Khuri, a Syrian, in Beirut.[4][5] The first issue appeared on 29 June 1858.[6] Michel Médawar who was a Greek Catholic merchant working at the French Consulate in Beirut as an interpreter financed the paper.[4] Its publisher was Al Matbaa Al Suriyya which was owned by Al Khuri.[7] He also edited the paper which began to be published both in Arabic and French from 1870.[6] The French edition was entitled Hadiqat Al Akhbar. Journal de Syrie et Liban.[3]

Hadiqat Al Akhbar was made a semi-official publication of the Ottoman Empire in 1860 upon the request of Fuad Pasha, Ottoman foreign minister, in the aftermath of the civil conflict in Mount Lebanon and Damascus.[8] Its semi-official status continued until the official Ottoman publication Suriya was launched.[8] Hadiqat Al Akhbar also functioned in this status between 1869 and 1870 during the governorship of Franco Pasha in Lebanon.[8]

The contributors of the paper and Al Khuri were members of the Médawar Literary Circle.[4] Selim Nauphal was the editor who translated and serialized the French novels in the paper.[4] Antonius Ameuney was the contributor of the paper based in London.[4]

During its lifetime the frequency of Hadiqat Al Akhbar was changed from daily to weekly and then to biweekly.[9] It featured local and international news, reports on mercantile activity and also literary works.[4] Soon after its start the paper became one of the leading publications in Beirut.[7] Hadiqat Al Akhbar was also distributed to other cities, including Damascus, Aleppo, Baghdad, Alexandria, Cairo, Istanbul, Paris, London and Leipzig.[4] The number of subscribers was nearly 400 within the three months after its start.[4] It gradually increased over time.[4]

In 1907 Hadiqat Al Akhbar temporarily ceased publication.[6] Its publication was restarted in April 1909, but the paper was permanently closed down on 10 April 1911.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ḥadīqat al-akhbār". WorldCat. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  2. ^ Marwan M. Kraidy (1999). "State Control of Television News in 1990s Lebanon". Annenberg School for Communication: 486. doi:10.1177/107769909907600306.
  3. ^ a b Johann Strauss (2003). "Who Read What in the Ottoman Empire (19th-20th centuries)?". Middle Eastern Literatures. 6 (1): 43. doi:10.1080/14752620306881.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Anthony Edwards (2020). "Serializing protestantism: the missionary Miscellany and the Arabic press in 1850s Beirut". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies: 2, 14–18. doi:10.1080/13530194.2020.1765141.
  5. ^ Aida Ali Najjar (1975). The Arabic Press and Nationalism in Palestine, 1920-1948 (PhD thesis). Syracuse University. p. 23. ISBN 9781083851468. ProQuest 288060869.
  6. ^ a b c d "Archive". Leibniz Zentrum Moderner Orient. Archived from the original on 10 November 2021. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  7. ^ a b Ami Ayalon (2008). "Private Publishing in the Nahda". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 40 (4): 561–577. doi:10.1017/S002074380808149X.
  8. ^ a b c Caesar A. Farah (2010). Arabs and Ottomans. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press. p. 52. ISBN 9781617190896.
  9. ^ Fruma Zachs; Sharon Halevi (November 2009). "From Difāʿ Al-Nisāʾ to Masʾalat Al-Nisāʾ in Greater Syria: Readers and Writers Debate Women and Their Rights, 1858-1900". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 41 (4): 617. doi:10.1017/S0020743809990390.

External linksEdit