Open main menu

Grewia asiatica (phalsa or falsa) (Urdu: فالسہ , Hindi: फ़ालसा, Gujarati Language: ફાલસા ) is a species of Grewia It was first found in Varanasi India and was taken by Buddhist scholars to other asian countries and the rest of the world.

Grewia asiatica
Phalsa03 Asit.jpg
Flowers and leaves
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Grewia
G. asiatica
Binomial name
Grewia asiatica
  • Grewia hainesiana Hole
  • Grewia obtecta Wall. [Invalid]
  • Grewia subinaequalis DC. [1]

.[2][3] Grewia celtidifolia was initially considered a mere variety of Phalsa, but is now recognized as a distinct species.

It is a shrub or small tree growing to 8 m tall. The leaves are broadly rounded, 5–18 cm long and broad, with a petiole 1–1.5 cm long. The flowers are produced in cymes of several together, the individual flowers about 2 cm diameter, yellow, with five large (12 mm) sepals and five smaller (4–5 mm) petals. The fruit is an edible drupe 5–12 mm diameter, purple to black when ripe.[2][4]

Cultivation and usesEdit

It is extensively cultivated for its sweet and sour acidic fruit, which are sold in the market during summer months under the name falsa. The sherbet or squash is prepared from the fruit pulp by mixing it with sugar and used as an astringent, stomachic and cooling agent.

The root is used by Santhal tribals for rheumatisms. The stem bark is said to be used in refining sugar, for making ropes and its infusion is used as a demulcent. The leaves are used as an application to pustular eruptions. The buds are also prescribed by some physicians.[5]

It has become naturalised and locally invasive in Australia and the Philippines.[3][4][6]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Flora of India Grewia asiatica
  3. ^ a b Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk: Grewia asiatica
  4. ^ a b Flora of Western Australia: Grewia asiatica
  5. ^ Purdue University: Fruits of warm climates: Phalsa
  6. ^ Yadav, A. K. (1999). Phalsa: A Potential New Small Fruit for Georgia. pp.348–352 in: Janick, J. (ed.). Perspectives on new crops and new uses. ASHS Press. Available online.