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The Great Rite is a Wiccan ritual involving symbolic sexual intercourse with the purpose of drawing energy from the powerful connection between the male and female. It is an uncommon ritual as it is used when the coven is in need of powerful spiritual intervention to help them through a difficult time. Most often it is performed by the High Priest and High Priestess, but other participants can be elected to perform the Rite.
Symbolic version of the Great RiteEdit
In the symbolic version the High Priestess plunges the athame, or ritual knife (the male symbol), into a cup or chalice (the female symbol) which is filled with wine and is held by the High Priest. The Great Rite symbolizes creation in the union of the Maiden Goddess with the Lover God, and thus is also known as a fertility rite.
Occasions for the Great RiteEdit
A variety of ritual occasions call for the Great Rite to be performed, such as during the festival of Beltane on or about May 1 in the northern hemisphere and November 1 in the southern hemisphere.
- Wagar, Samuel, "The Wiccan Great Rite — Hieros Gamos in the Modern West", Journal of Religion and Popular Culture (Volume 21, Issue 2, Summer 2009): pages 1-38.
- Budapest, Zsuzsanna Emese. The Holy Book of Women's Mysteries. Berkeley, CA: Wingbow, 1989.
- Morrison, Dorothy (2001). The Craft: A Witch's Book of Shadows. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 153.
- Hume, Lynne (1997). Witchcraft and Paganism in Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
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