George, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg

George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (17 February 1582, Celle – 12 April 1641, Hildesheim), ruled as Prince of Calenberg from 1635.

Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Georg (Braunschweig-Calenberg) Residenzmuseum Celle.JPG
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, c. 1640
Born(1582-02-17)17 February 1582
Died12 April 1641(1641-04-12) (aged 59)
Noble familyHanover (founder)
Spouse(s)Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
IssueChristian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sophie Amalie, Queen of Denmark
Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
FatherWilliam, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
MotherDorothea of Denmark

George was the sixth son of William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1535–1592) and Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617). His mother was daughter to King Christian III of Denmark and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. She acted as a regent during the early years of his reign, keeping power from the Councillors who had mismanaged the estates during his father's fits of insanity.

In the 1635 re-division of the territories of the House of Welf, after the death of Frederick Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he received the Principality of Calenberg, which included the former Principality of Göttingen, since 1495, while his elder brother, Augustus the Elder, retained the Principality of Lüneburg. George was the first duke to move his residence to Hanover, where he built the Leineschloss as his residence in 1636, a palace situated by the river Leine. After his death, he was succeeded by his son, Christian Louis.

He is a character in the Eric Flint series of science fiction novels, The Ring of Fire as the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a moderate conservative member of the Crown Loyalist faction, and commander of a division in the Army of the United States of Europe.


George married Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt, daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalene of Brandenburg, in 1617. They had the following known children:


George's ancestors in three generations
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Father:
William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Grandfather:
Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry the Middle, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Margarete of Saxony
Paternal Grandmother:
Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Ursula of Brandenburg
Dorothea of Denmark
Maternal Grandfather:
Christian III of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick I of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Anna of Brandenburg
Maternal Grandmother:
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel


See List of members of the House of Hanover.

External linksEdit


  • Janicke, Karl (1878), "Georg (Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg)", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), vol. 8, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 629–634
  • At the House of Welf site
George, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 17 February 1582 Died: 12 April 1641
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Calenberg

Succeeded by