Garshaspname

Garshāspnāme[1] (Persian: گرشاسپ‌نامه‎) is an epic poem by Asadi Tusi. It has been described as one of the best epic poems in Persian literature, comparable to Shahname, by Jalal Khaleqi-e Motlaq, and the most important work of Asadi Tusi. Asadi Tusi completed the poem in 1066 AD and dedicated it to a certain Abū Dolaf, the ruler of Nakjavān (nothing is known about him). The poem is also translated to other languages such as French and German. It seems that Asadi Tusi wrote this poem based on a written source. Like Shahname, it contains few Arabic loan-words and consists of some 9,000 verses. The main hero of this epic poem is Garshasp, the son of Etret, and grandson of Šam. The poem begins with the story of Jamshid and Zahhak. Jamshid is overthrown by Zahhak and flees to Zabolistan. In Zabolistan, Jamshid falls in love with an unnamed daughter of Kurang, the king of Zabolistan, and she bore a child for Jamshid, named Tur (not to be confused with Tur, the son of Freydun). Jamshid flees again to China. Garshasp is actually the grandson of Tur's grandson.

Family TreeEdit

 
 
 
 
 
Jamshid
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shiadasp
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tovorg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Etret
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Garshasp
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nariman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sām
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rostam
 
 
 
 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GARŠĀSP-NĀMA". IRANICA. Retrieved 13 January 2016.