Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra (GSO; Swedish: Göteborgs Symfoniker) is a Swedish symphony orchestra based in Gothenburg. The GSO is resident at the Gothenburg Concert Hall at Götaplatsen. The orchestra received the title of the National Orchestra of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges Nationalorkester) in 1997.
|Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra|
|Native name||Göteborgs Symfoniker|
|Concert hall||Gothenburg Concert Hall, Götaplatsen|
|Principal conductor||Santtu-Matias Rouvali|
Background and historyEdit
The GSO was founded in 1905, with Heinrich Hammer as its first principal conductor. The composer Wilhelm Stenhammar was the orchestra's second principal conductor, from 1907 to 1922. In addition to Stenhammar conducting his own works, Jean Sibelius and Carl Nielsen made regular guest-conducting appearances with the GSO. The orchestra's fortunes waxed and waned in subsequent years, until the advent of Neeme Järvi as principal conductor, from 1982 to 2004. Although the GSO has a broad repertoire, it has a special affinity for the works of the Nordic Late Romantic composers, such as Jean Sibelius and Edvard Grieg. During Järvi's tenure as principal conductor, the longest tenure of any principal conductor in the GSO's history, its reputation on the world stage was greatly increased, including sponsorships from Volvo and a recording contract with Deutsche Grammophon. Järvi currently holds the title of Principal Conductor Emeritus (Chefdirigent Emeritus) with the GSO.
Gustavo Dudamel was principal conductor of the GSO from 2007 to 2012, and now has the title of hedersdirigent (honorary conductor) of the GSO. Past principal guest conductors of the GSO have included Norman del Mar, who was Permanent Guest Conductor from 1968 to 1973, and Christian Zacharias. Kent Nagano became principal guest conductor and artistic advisor of the GSO as of the 2013–2014 season, with an initial contract of three years. In August 2014, Santtu-Matias Rouvali first guest-conducted the GSO. In May 2016, the GSO announced the appointment of Rouvali as its next chief conductor, effective with the 2017–2018 season, with an initial contract of four years. In May 2019, the GSO announced the extension of Rouvali's contract through 2025.
- Heinrich Hammer (1905–1907)
- Wilhelm Stenhammar (1907–1922)
- Ture Rangström (1922–1925)
- Tor Mann (1925–1939)
- Issay Dobrowen (1941–1953)
- Dean Dixon (1953–1960)
- Sten Frykberg (1960–1967)
- Sergiu Comissiona (1967–1973)
- Sixten Ehrling (1974–1976)
- Charles Dutoit (1976–1979)
- Neeme Järvi (1982–2004)
- Mario Venzago (2004–2007)
- Gustavo Dudamel (2007–2012)
- Santtu-Matias Rouvali (2017–present)
Hilding Hallnäs symphonies Nos. 1 (1945), 2 (1948), 3 (1948), 4 (1952), and 5 (1963), Gösta Nystroem symphonies 1 (1932), 2 (1937), and 4 (1952), Wilhelm Peterson-Berger Symphony No.2 (1911), Allan Pettersson symphonies Nos. 3 (1956), 9 (1971), Hilding Rosenberg Tre Fantasistycken (1919), Symphony 1 (1921), Piano Concerto (1951), and Eduard Tubin Symphony No.11. (1989).
- Tim Ashley (27 July 2001). "North stars". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Andrew Clements (9 September 2005). "Sibelius: The Symphonies, Gothenburg SO/ Jarvi (Deutsche Grammophon, four SACDs)". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- Reed Johnson (23 November 2008). "Conductor Gustavo Dudamel is riding a wave of Dudamania". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- "Dudamel förnyar kontrakt med Göteborgs Symfoniker till 2012" (Press release). Göteborgs Symfoniker. 30 September 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
- Alain Pâris. Dictionnaire des interprètes et de l'interpretation musicale au XX siècle. Éditions Robert Laffont, Paris, 1995 (p1089).
- Malin Clausson (30 August 2012). "Nagano tar över efter Dudamel". Göteborgs-Posten. Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- "Gothenburg Symphony appoints Santtu-Matias Rouvali as Chief Conductor" (Press release). Harrison Parrott. 25 May 2016. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- "31-årig dirigent ska leda symfonikerna i Goteborg". Sverige-Radio. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- "Rouvali förlänger sitt kontrakt" (Press release). Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- Andrew Clements (6 August 2004). "Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6; Francesca da Rimini: Gothenburg Symphony/ Järvi (BIS)". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- Tim Ashley (4 May 2006). "Gubaidulina: The Deceitful Face of Hope and of Despair; Sieben Worte, Bezaly/ Miki/ Thedeen/ Gothenburg Symphony/ Vanzago (BIS)". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2012.