Pełka (archbishop of Gniezno)
Neither the date nor place of his birth are known, although he was probably born in Galicia. The 14th-century historian Jan Długosz claimed that he was from the knightly Lis family. Shortly after his birth his father he joined the priesthood, which led to rumors about his illegitimate birth. But a commission appointed by Pope Honorius III dismissed these claims.
The date of Pełka' consecration as Archbishop of Gniezno is sometimes given as 26 June 1235. As Archbishop, Pełka continued the reforms initiated by Henryk Kietlicz and supported a centralised monarchy rather than the fragmented state. He continued the role of arbitrator between the Piast claimants to the throne. In 1234, he was an arbitrator in a dispute between Henry the Bearded and Wladyslaw Odonic of Wielkopolskie.
He was involved in church politics. In 1238, Pope Gregory IX allowed the wearing of the cross metropolitan and he probably participated in the 1245 deliberations of the Council of Lyon and in 1253 he consecrated the first bishop of Lithuania, Dominican friar Wit (Vitas). He also oversaw canonization of Stanislaus of Szczepanów in 1253.
| Archbishop of Gniezno
ca. 1232 – 1258