Ruins of Fort St. Barbara

  (Redirected from Fuerte Santa Bárbara)

The Ruins of Fort St. Barbara (Spanish: Ruínas del Fuerte de Santa Bárbara) are the ruins of a fort located in La Línea de la Concepción, Spain. It was declared Bien de Interés Cultural in 1994.[citation needed]

Ruins of the Fort of St. Barbara
Native name
Spanish: Ruínas del Fuerte de Santa Bárbara
Restos del fuerte de Santa Bárbara, La Línea de la Concepción.jpg
LocationLa Línea de la Concepción, Spain
Coordinates36°09′37″N 5°20′20″W / 36.160218°N 5.338815°W / 36.160218; -5.338815Coordinates: 36°09′37″N 5°20′20″W / 36.160218°N 5.338815°W / 36.160218; -5.338815
Official nameRuínas del Fuerte de Santa Bárbara
TypeNon-movable
CriteriaMonument
Designated1994
Reference no.RI-51-0008999
Ruins of Fort St. Barbara is located in Province of Cádiz
Ruins of Fort St. Barbara
Location of Ruins of the Fort of St. Barbara in Province of Cádiz
Ruins of Fort St. Barbara is located in Spain
Ruins of Fort St. Barbara
Ruins of Fort St. Barbara (Spain)

HistoryEdit

This fort was just one part of a whole line of defence known as the Lines of Contravallation of Gibraltar. This fortification was constructed by the Spanish after Gibraltar was formerly ceded to the United Kingdom after being captured by an Anglo-Dutch force in 1704. The agreement to cede the isthmus was part of the Treaty of Utrecht and Spain gave Britain Menorca, Gibraltar and the right to sell slaves to Spanish colonies. As a result, a defensive line (hence La Línea) was built at the north end of the isthmus joining the Rock of Gibraltar to Spain in order to keep the British from attacking or encroaching on Spain.[1]

In a later bilateral agreement between Spain and the UK when they agreed mutual support against Napoleon, it was agreed that this defensive line would be destroyed. It was argued that this was necessary to prevent these fortifications from falling under French control. The main Spanish lines were destroyed by Colonel Sir Charles Holloway on 14 February 1810. Following the main explosion other towers were destroyed and volunteers took away the rubble.[2]

The ruins today are owned by the Spanish municipality of La Línea de la Concepción.[1] The ruins were declared a national cultural interest of Spain (Bien de Interés Cultural) in 1994.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Fuerte de Santa Bárbara, MonumentalNet, accessed February 2013
  2. ^ Musteen, Jason R (2011). Nelson's Refuge Gibraltar in the Age of Napoleon. New York: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1612510842.