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Friso-Saxon languages

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  Friso-Saxon languages

Friso-Saxon is a group of West Germanic dialects found around the North Sea coast of the Netherlands and Germany, in an area historically known as Frisia.[1][2] They are varieties of Low German/Low Saxon. These dialects have experienced strong influence from a Frisian language. The term was established by the Dutch researcher Johan Winkler in his work about the mutual influence of Dutch, Low German and Frisian dialects in the region.[3] In the following decades the term was adopted by some of Winkler's successors.[4]

Most of the Friso-Saxon dialects are spoken in areas which were historically Frisian-speaking, until Frisian was replaced with Low Saxon in the Late Middle Ages. However, Frisian has remained a substratum since then in the regions concerned. The only exception to this rule is Stellingwarfs, a Low Saxon dialect which has undergone influence especially from West Frisian. Most of the other Friso-Saxon dialects underwent most influence from East Frisian, for example East Frisian Low Saxon and Gronings, while the dialect of Dithmarschen underwent most influence from North Frisian.

The area numbered 4 consists of the Friso-Saxon dialects of Gronings and East Frisian Low Saxon

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Franz Manni, Wilbert Heeringa and John Nerbonne. (2006). To What Extent are Surnames Words? Comparing Geographic Patterns of Surname and Dialect Variation in the Netherlands.[dead link] Literary and Linguistic Computing, Volume 21, Issue 4, p.507–527. https://doi.org/10.1093/llc/fql040
  2. ^ cf. Hoppenbrouwers, Cornelis Antonius Johannes / Hoppenbrouwers, Geer A. J. (2001): De indeling van de Nederlandse streektalen - dialecten van 156 steden en dorpen geklasseerd volgens de FFM. Assen, S. 50ff.
  3. ^ Winkler, Johan (1874): Algemeen Nederduitsch en Friesch Dialecticon. 2 Bände. 's-Gravenhage.
  4. ^ cf. Hoppenbrouwers, Cornelis Antonius Johannes / Hoppenbrouwers, Geer A. J. (2001): De indeling van de Nederlandse streektalen - dialecten van 156 steden en dorpen geklasseerd volgens de FFM. Assen, S. 50ff.