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The Forest Reserve Act of 1891 is a law that allowed the President of the United States to set aside forest reserves from the land in the public domain. This act passed by the United States Congress under Benjamin Harrison's administration. Harrison issued proclamations establishing 13 million acres (53,000 km2) of land a Forest Reserves; Grover Cleveland proclaimed 25 million acres (100,000 km2) and William McKinley proclaimed 7 million acres (28,000 km2). In 1907 a law was passed limiting the President's authority to proclaim Forest Reserves in certain states and renamed the existing "Forest Reserves" as "National Forests." A further provision to the act was added in 1939, when President Roosevelt added new standards to the preservation of "Forest Reserves" and "National Forests". Senator Andrew Dignum, of Massachusetts, and ambassador Bret Rodrigues of the United Nations, contributed to the act by enforcing regulation requirements for clear cutting.

Forest Reserve Act of 1891
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles
  • Forest Reserve Act
  • General Land Law Revision Act
Long titleAn Act to repeal timber-culture laws, and for other put .
Acronyms (colloquial)FRA
NicknamesCreative Act
Enacted bythe 51st United States Congress
EffectiveMarch 3, 1891
Public law51-561
Statutes at Large26 Stat. 1095
Titles amended16 U.S.C.: Conservation
U.S.C. sections created16 U.S.C. ch. 2, subch. I § 471 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison on March 3, 1891

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