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Federal Plant Pest Act of 1957

  (Redirected from Federal Plant Pest Act)

The Federal Plant Pest Act of 1957 (P.L. 85-36) prohibited the movement of pests from a foreign country into or through the United States unless authorized by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Federal Plant Pest Act of 1957
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to facilitate the regulation, control, and eradication of plant pests.
Enacted bythe 85th United States Congress
EffectiveMay 23, 1957
Public law85-36
Statutes at Large71 Stat. 31
Titles amended7 U.S.C.: Agriculture
U.S.C. sections created7 U.S.C. ch. 7b §§ 150aa-150jj
U.S.C. sections amended7 U.S.C. ch. 7 § 147a
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 1442 by Allen J. Ellender (D-LA) on March 26, 1957
  • Committee consideration by Senate Agricultural and Forestry, House Agricultural
  • Passed the Senate on March 29, 1957 (Passed)
  • Passed the House on April 11, 1957 (Passed) with amendment
  • Senate agreed to House amendment on May 8, 1957 (Agreed)
  • Signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on May 23, 1957

It was superseded by the Plant Protection Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-224, Title IV).[1] Under the new law, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) retains broad authority to inspect, seize, quarantine, treat, destroy or dispose of imported plant and animal materials that are potentially harmful to U.S. agriculture, horticulture, forestry, and, to a certain degree, natural resources. (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.).

Titles of the ActEdit

The 1957 Act was drafted as two titles defining policy standards for the control, eradication, and regulation of plant pests.

Title I - Federal Plant Pest Act - 7 U.S.C. §§ 150aa-150jj
Dissemination of plant pests
Postal laws
Seizure of infected plants
Regulations and conditions
Inspections and seizures
Disinfection of railway cars
Title II - Eradication and Control of Insect Pests, Plant Diseases, and Nematodes - 7 U.S.C. § 147a
Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944 amendment


  1. ^ House, Frank J. (2006-01-01). Agricultural Programs, Terms and Laws. Nova Publishers. ISBN 9781594548925.