Erythroparvovirus

  (Redirected from Erythrovirus)

Erythroparvovirus is a genus of viruses in subfamily Parvovirinae of the virus family Parvoviridae.[1][2] Primates serve as natural hosts. There are currently seven species in this genus including the type species Primate erythroparvovirus 1. Diseases associated with this genus include fifth disease and skin lesions.[3][4]

Erythroparvovirus
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Monodnaviria
Kingdom: Shotokuvirae
Phylum: Cossaviricota
Class: Quintoviricetes
Order: Piccovirales
Family: Parvoviridae
Subfamily: Parvovirinae
Genus: Erythroparvovirus
Type species
Primate erythroparvovirus 1

TaxonomyEdit

Group: ssDNA

[4]

StructureEdit

Viruses in Erythroparvovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Round geometries, and T=1 symmetry. The diameter is around 18-26 nm. Genomes are linear, around 6kb in length.[3]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation
Erythroparvovirus Icosahedral T=1 Non-enveloped Linear None

Life cycleEdit

Viral replication is nuclear. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment to host receptors, which mediates clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Replication follows the rolling-hairpin model. Dna templated transcription, with some alternative splicing mechanism is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by nuclear pore export. Primates serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are oral and respiratory.[3]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission
Erythroparvovirus Vertebrates often restricted to erythroid progenitors Clathrin-mediated endocytosis Cell lysis Nucleus Nucleus Aerosol

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cotmore, SF; Agbandje-McKenna, M; Canuti, M; Chiorini, JA; Eis-Hubinger, A; Hughes, J; Mietzsch, M; Modha, S; Ogliastro, M; Pénzes, JJ; Pintel, DJ; Qiu, J; Soderlund-Venermo, M; Tattersall, P; Tijssen, P; and the ICTV Report Consortium (2019). "ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Parvoviridae". Journal of General Virology. 100 (3): 367–368. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001212. PMC 6537627. PMID 30672729.
  2. ^ "ICTV 10th Report (2018)".
  3. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015.

External linksEdit