Ernest Gold (composer)
Ernst Sigmund Goldner
July 13, 1921
|Died||March 17, 1999 (aged 77)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
(m. 1950; div. 1969)
Jan Keller (m. 1975)
|Children||3, including Andrew Gold|
Gold was born in 1921 in Vienna, the son of Elisabeth (Stransky) and Gustav Goldner. Gold came from a musical family. His father played the violin, and his mother sang. His father also studied under Richard Heuberger. Gold said that he learned to read music before he had learned to read words. He studied the violin and the piano when he was only 6 years old and began composing music at 8. By age 13, he had written an entire opera. As a child, he said he wanted to go to Hollywood and be a composer.:24 Gold would go to movie theaters as a teenager not only to watch the films but also to listen to the musical score. Among prominent film composers of the time he admired Max Steiner. In 1938, Gold attended the Viennese Akademie für Musik und darstellende Kunst, but he moved to the U.S. after the Anschluss of Austria, because of the family's Jewish heritage. In the United States, Gold earned money by working as an accompanist and writing popular songs in New York City. He also studied with Otto Cesana and Leon Barzin at the National Orchestra Association.
NBC Orchestra performed Gold's first symphony in 1939, only a year after he moved to the United States. In 1941, he composed a symphony that was later played at Carnegie Hall in 1945. Gold moved to Hollywood in the same year to work with Columbia Pictures, his first significant role being the score for the melodrama Girl of the Limberlost (1945). After this opportunity, Gold wrote scores for other minor films. For the next ten years, he continued to work on B movies, mainly orchestrating and arranging music for western movies and melodramas.
He was asked by Stanley Kramer to orchestrate Not as a Stranger (1955). The music for the film was written by George Antheil. This production opened the door for Gold to work with other scores written by Antheil and to orchestrate more of Kramer's films. Gold worked on almost every film Kramer made, including A Child Is Waiting and It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World.
Gold produced his first original film score in 1958 for Too Much, Too Soon. His big break came in 1959, when he was asked to score On the Beach after Antheil became ill and he recommended Gold for the job.
Gold is most widely recognized for composing the score of Exodus (1960). He was contracted by Otto Preminger and, atypically, was able to watch the filming of the movie. Gold spent time in Israel to write the score.:26
In 1968, Gold wrote a Broadway musical called I'm Solomon. He also wrote music for television. In his later life, Gold was the musical director of the Santa Barbara Symphony Orchestra. He also founded the Los Angeles Senior Citizens Orchestra.
Gold's contributions were recognized with Academy Award nominations and Golden Globe nominations. He won a Golden Globe in 1960 for Best Motion Picture Score for 1959's On the Beach. This film was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture that same year. In 1960, Gold's Exodus was nominated for a Golden Globe in the Best Original Score category. The film won an Academy Award for Best Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture and a Grammy for Best Soundtrack Album. For his contributions, Gold had his name engraved in the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He was the first composer to receive this honor.
Gold was married to singer and actress Marni Nixon from 1950–1969. They had three children: musician Andrew Gold (composer of "Lonely Boy" and "Thank You for Being a Friend"), Martha Gold Carr, and Melanie Gold. Gold's marriage after Nixon:62 was to Jan Keller Gold (from 1975 until his death).
- Smooth as Silk (1946)
- Wyoming (1947)
- The Other Woman (1954)
- Not as a Stranger (1955)
- Fury (1955-1960)
- Affair in Havana (1957)
- The Screaming Skull (1958)
- Too Much, Too Soon (1958)
- The Defiant Ones (1958)
- Tarzan's Fight for Life (1958)
- Battle of the Coral Sea (1958)
- The Young Philadelphians (1959)
- On the Beach (1959)
- Inherit the Wind (1960)
- Exodus (1960)
- A Fever in the Blood (1961)
- The Last Sunset (1961)
- Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
- Pressure Point (1962)
- A Child Is Waiting (1963)
- It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963)
- Ship of Fools (1965)
- The Secret of Santa Vittoria (1969)
- Betrayal (1974)
- The Wild McCullochs (1975)
- Cross of Iron (1977)
- Fun with Dick and Jane (1977)
- Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff (1979)
- The Runner Stumbles (1979)
- Tom Horn (1980)
- Safari 3000 (1982)
- Wallenberg: A Hero's Story (1985)
- Dreams of Gold: The Mel Fisher Story (1986)
- "Obituary: Ernest Gold". The Independent. 1999-03-30. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
- Gruber, Orpheus Trust, Dr. Primavera. "Orpheus Trust - Verein zur Erforschung und Veröffentlichung vertriebener und vergessener Kunst". www.orpheustrust.at.
- Eder, Bruce. "Artist Biography". All Music. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Thomas, Tony (March 1992). Film Score. Riverwood Press. pp. 47–55. ISBN 9781880756010.
- Thomas, Tony (October 1997). Music for the Movies. Silman-James Pr. ISBN 9781879505377.
- "I'm Solomon". Playbill. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Moby's 'Porcelain' - Discover the Sample Source". WhoSampled. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Biography". Ernest Gold. Hollywood.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Exodus (1960) Awards". IMDb. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Gold, Ernest". Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Cross, Lucy. "Marni Nixon". Masterworks Broadway. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Nixon, Marni (Sep 2006). I Could Have Sung All Night: My Story. Billboard Books. ISBN 9780823083657. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Ernest Gold". Monstrous Movie Music. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Ernest Gold, 77, Oscar-Winning Composer". The New York Times. 1999-03-21. Retrieved 2013-12-17.