Sir Erima Harvey Northcroft DSO (2 December 1884 – 10 October 1953) was a New Zealand lawyer, judge, and military leader.
Sir Erima Northcroft
Erima Harvey Northcroft
2 December 1884
Hokitika, New Zealand
|Died||10 October 1953 (aged 68)|
Christchurch, New Zealand
|Alma mater||Auckland University College|
Violet Constance Mitchell (m. 1908)
Northcroft was born in Hokitika, New Zealand. He attended Auckland University College and began his law practice in Hamilton. In 1912, Northcroft was a founding member of the Hamilton District Law Society and later became its president.
During World War I, Northcroft was an artillery officer in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1919. The same year he returned to New Zealand, resumed his law practice, and joined an Auckland law firm in 1923. From 1927 to 1933, Northcroft was a deputy judge advocate general in the New Zealand Army and from 1933 to 1935 was a Judge Advocate General.
Also in 1935, Northcroft was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of New Zealand at Christchurch, a superior trial court. In his court, he was styled "The Honourable Mr Justice Northcroft". After the Second World War, Northcroft was appointed as the New Zealand judge on the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo. In recognition of this service, Northcroft was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 1949 King's Birthday Honours. After returning from Japan, he resumed sitting as a Supreme Court judge, and occasionally sat as a judge of the New Zealand Court of Appeal.
After his death his papers went to the Justice Erima Harvey Northcroft Tokyo War Crimes Trial Collection at the University of Canterbury, which was added to the Asia Pacific regional section of the UNESCO Memory of the World Register in 2010.
- Barton, G.P. "Northcroft, Erima Harvey". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "No. 31370". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1919. p. 6822.
- "Official jubilee medals". The Evening Post. CXIX (105). 6 May 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- "No. 38629". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 June 1949. p. 2829.