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2016 Equatorial Guinean presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Equatorial Guinea on 24 April 2016.[1] In a vote initially scheduled for November but brought forward by seven months, incumbent President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo retained his office with 93.7 percent of the vote.

2016 Equatorial Guinean presidential election

← 2009 24 April 2016 2023 →
Registered325,548
Turnout92.70%
  Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo at the White House in 2014.jpg
Nominee Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Party PDGE
Popular vote 271,177
Percentage 93.53%

Equatorial Guinean presidential election map 2016.svg
Presidential election results map. Green denotes districts won by Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo.

President before election

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
PDGE

Elected President

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
PDGE

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The president is elected using the first-past-the-post system.[2] After the 2011 constitutional referendum, presidents were limited to two terms of seven years and the age limit for candidates was removed. In addition, the post of Vice President was established, allowing the vice president to automatically assume power if the president died in office.[3]

CandidatesEdit

The leading candidate was incumbent president Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, running for his first term after the 2011 constitutional referendum. He ran as the candidate of the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea, a coalition of ten parties, and was expected to win. At the time of the election, Obiang was the longest serving African president, having been in power since 1979.[4] He was widely expected to win the vote.[5]

The opposition were all mainly new faces with little political recognition and none of their parties were represented in Parliament. There were also three independent candidates, which critics claimed were dummy candidates to provide legitimacy for the elections.[5] The Democratic Opposition Front, which is a coalition of dissident parties, boycotted the election, citing that the election would be "anti-constitutional" and that Obiang would win "with a big score as a result of fraud".[2] Opposition candidate, Gabriel Nse Obiang Obono, was prevented from running for not meeting residency requirements.[6]

ConductEdit

Three days after the election date was announced, Human Rights Watch said that the Center for the Study and Initiatives for Development had been ordered to shut down. According to EG Justice, a member of opposition party Centre-Right Union was detained and beaten by authorities during the campaign. Reporters from Africa24 were also detained for five hours on entry into the country before being released.[7]

The African Union sent an observer mission, led by former Beninese President Thomas Boni Yayi, on 13 April to oversee the conduct of the election.[8]

ResultsEdit

The government announced on 28 April 2016 that Obiang had won the election by an overwhelming margin, as expected. Provisional results showed him with 93.7% of the vote on a turnout of 92.9%.[9] He was sworn in for another term at a ceremony in Malabo on 20 May 2016.[10]

Candidate Party Votes %
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea 271,177 93.53
Avelino Mocache Mehenga Centre-Right Union 4,556 1.57
Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu Party of the Social Democratic Coalition 4,417 1.53
Benedicto Obian Mangue Independent 2,802 0.97
Carmelo Mba Bakalé Popular Action 2,415 0.83
Agustín Masoko Abegue Independent 2,412 0.83
Tomás Mba Monabang Independent 2,154 0.74
Invalid/blank votes 11,864
Total 301,797 100
Registered voters/turnout 325,548 92.70
Source: Government of Equatorial Guinea

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "La pareja presidencial ejerce su derecho al voto – Página Oficial del Gobierno de la República de Guinea Ecuatorial" (in Spanish). Government of Equatorial Guinea. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  2. ^ a b "Equatorial Guinea's iron fisted leader set for re election". News24. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  3. ^ "Equatorial Guinea | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2013". Freedom House. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  4. ^ "Equatorial Guinea heads to the polls on Sunday". Africanews. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  5. ^ a b "Equatorial Guinea election: Incumbent expected to win". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  6. ^ "Elections likely to endorse authoritarian regime in Equatorial Guinea". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  7. ^ "Equatorial Guinea's Dictator To Win Election In Landslide Following Crackdown On Media And Civil Society". Sahara Reporters. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  8. ^ "Benin's ex-president Boni Yayi to head AU mission in Equatorial Guinea". Africanews. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  9. ^ "Equatorial Guinea's President Obiang wins re-election". Reuters. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
  10. ^ "Obiang sworn in as Equatorial Guinea's president", Xinhua, 21 May 2016.