Encirclement campaigns

(Redirected from Encirclement Campaigns)

Encirclement campaigns (Chinese: 中央蘇區反圍剿戰爭), officially called in Chinese Communist historiography as the Agrarian Revolutionary War were the campaigns launched by forces of the Chinese Nationalist Government against forces of the Chinese Communist Party during the early stage of the Chinese Civil War.

Formulated by German advisors Hans von Seeckt and Alexander von Falkenhausen, the campaigns were launched between the late 1920s to the mid-1930s with the goal of isolating and destroying the developing Chinese Red Army. The Nationalist forces launched encirclement campaigns against Communist bases in several separate locations across China.[1]

Encirclement campaigns by locationEdit

First encirclement campaignsEdit

Second encirclement campaignsEdit

Third encirclement campaignsEdit

Fourth encirclement campaignsEdit

Fifth encirclement campaignsEdit


The first four Encirclement campaigns of the Chinese Nationalists military were unsuccessful. However, with the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany in 1933, and the subsequent close cooperation between Nazi Germany and the Republic of China, the nationalists succeeded in the final 5th campaign which led directly to the famous Long March of the Communist Red Armies.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Military History Research Department (2000). "Overview of Campaigns and Battles Fought by the People's Liberation Army (中国人民解放军战役战斗总览)". 中国人民解放军全史 [The Complete History of the People's Liberation Army]. Beijing: Military Science Publishing House. ISBN 7801373154.