Eigil of Fulda
Eigil (also called Aeigil or Egil) (c.750-822) was the fourth abbot of Fulda. He was the nephew and biographer of the abbey's founder and first abbot Saint Sturm. We know about Eigil primarily from the Latin Life (Vita Aegili) that the monk and teacher of Fulda, Candidus Bruun composed about him after his death.
The next abbot, Ratgar, with his excessive severity, caused deep divisions in the monastery. In 811, monks from Fulda, possibly including Egil, petitioned Emperor Charlemagne to remove the abbot. Finally, in 817, Ratgarius was denounced by the monks. Charlemagne's son and successor, Louis the Pious, banished Ratgar and sent two of his delegates, Aaron and Adalfrid, along with their associates to reform the abbey according to proper monastic discipline . Eigil was elected in 818, and, says Candidus, brought harmony to the monastery once again. In a poem, his student and successor Hrabanus Maurus celebrated his clemency and gentleness,supporting Candidus' positive portrait.
Under Eigil, several building projects were dedicated at Fulda. In 819, the Archbishop Haistolf came to Fulda to dedicate the Basilica of Saint Boniface (who was considered a co-founder of the abbey, with his disciple Sturm), and Boniface's holy relics - his bones - were translated (that is, conveyed in a public religious ceremony) to the new Basilica.
Eigil died in 822 and was succeeded by the head teacher of Fulda's school, Hrabanus Maurus, one of his former pupils. Candidus' Vita treats Eigil as a saint, but other writers, such as Hrabanus do not.
Eigil wrote a Life of Saint Sturm, who was a disciple of Saint Boniface as well as the founder, in 742 or 744, and first abbot of the abbey of Fulda (747-779).
- Candidus Bruun. Vita Aeigili, liber II (= vita metrica). In E. Duemmeler, ed. Monumenta Germaniae Historica Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini Vol. II. Berlin, 1884, pp. 94–117.
- Gereon Becht-Jördens. "Vita Aegil abbatis Fuldenis a Candido ad Modestum edita prosa et versibus. Ein Opus geminum des IX. Jahrhunderts. Einleitung und kritische Edition" (phil. Diss. Heidelberg), Marburg (Selbstverlag) 1994.
- Gereon Becht-Jördens. Die Vita Aegil abbatis Fuldensis des Brun Candidus. Ein opus geminum aus dem Zeitalter der anianischen Reform in biblisch figuralem Hintergrundstil. Frankfurt am Main 1992 (ISBN 3-7820-0649-6).
- Gereon Becht-Jördens. "Die Vita Aegil des Brun Candidus als Quelle zu Fragen aus der Geschichte Fuldas im Zeitalter der anianischen Reform." In Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte 42 (1992), pp. 19–48.
- Christine Ineichen-Eder. "Künstlerische und literarische Tätigkeit des Candidus-Brun von Fulda." In Fuldaer Geschichtsblätter 56, 1980, p. 201-217 (without notes but with illustrations of considerable value also in Winfrid Böhne (Ed.). Hrabanus Maurus und seine Schule. Festschrift der Rabanus-Maurus-Schule 1980. Fulda 1980, p. 182-192.
- Pius Engelbert (1968), Die Vita Sturmi des Eigil von Fulda: Literarkritisch-historische Untersuchung und Edition
- Chr. Browerus, Vita Sancti Stumi Primi Abbatis Fuldensis, in Sidera Germaniae (Mainz, 161:6), pp. 5–24. The critical edition is found in Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, vol. II, pp. 366–77.
- Eigil's Life of Saint Sturm in English translation
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (1975). "Eigil (Egil), 4. Abt von Fulda". In Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 1. Hamm: Bautz. col. 1479. ISBN 3-88309-013-1.
- Candidus' Life of Eigil in verse and prose and Egil's Life of Sturm, in Latin
- Medieval Sourcebook: Eigil: Life of St. Sturm.
- Candidus Bruun, Vita Aeigili, in E. Duemmeler, ed. Monumenta Germaniae Historica Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini II (Berlin, 1884), pp. 94-117.
- Candidus Bruun, Vita Eigili, in E. Duemmeler, ed. Monumenta Germaniae Historica Scriptores XV.1 (Hannover, 1887), cap.1
- Annales Fuldenses in Monumenta Germaniae Historica Scriptores 1, p. 353.
- Annales Fuldenses in Monumenta Germaniae Historica Scriptores 1, p. 357.
- Candidus Bruun, Vita Aeigili, in E. Duemmeler, ed. Monumenta Germaniae Historica Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini II (Berlin, 1884), p.
- Hraban Maur in Monumenta Germaniae Historica Poetaes Latini Aevi CarolingiII, poem 14.