Edward Harold Browne (usually called Harold Browne; 6 March 1811 – 18 December 1891) was a bishop of the Church of England.
|Bishop of Winchester|
|Church||Church of England|
|Diocese||Diocese of Winchester|
|Other posts||Norrisian Professor of Divinity (1854–1864)|
Bishop of Ely (1864–1873)
|Ordination||1836 (deacon); 1837 (priest)|
|Born||6 March 1811|
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, UK
|Died||18 December 1891 (aged 80)|
Bitterne, Hampshire, UK
|Residence||Shales House, Bitterne (at death)|
|Parents||Robert and Sarah|
|Spouse||Elizabeth (m. 1840–1891)|
|Alma mater||Emmanuel College, Cambridge|
Early life and educationEdit
Browne was born on 6 March 1811 at Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, the second son of Robert Browne of Morton House in Buckinghamshire, and of Sarah Dorothea Steward; and younger brother to Thomas Gore Browne. He was educated at Eton College and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. After securing his BA in 1832, he won the Crosse theological scholarship in 1833, the Tyrwhitt Hebrew scholarship in 1834, and the Norrisian prize in 1835. He graduated with his MA in 1836, was elected fellow of Emmanuel in 1837, and appointed senior tutor in 1838. In 1854 he was elected Norrisian Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. He took the BD in 1855 and the DD in 1864.
Browne was ordained deacon on 26 November 1836 by Joseph Allen, Bishop of Ely; and priest, again by Allen, on 3 December 1837. In 1841, he accepted a curacy in Exeter (St Sidwell's), but in 1843 moved to Wales as Vice-Principal of St David's College. In 1849, he took a benefice in Cornwall, to which was attached a prebendal stall in Exeter Cathedral, which he exchanged in 1857 for a canonry in the same and the living of Heavitree.
In 1854, Browne was appointed to the Norrisian chair of divinity at the University of Cambridge but held his livings in the Diocese of Exeter concurrently. (The Cornish benefice was the vicarage of Kenwyn and Kea.) On 29 March 1864 he was consecrated Bishop of Ely by Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury (assisted by Connop Thirlwall, Bishop of St David's and Henry Philpott, Bishop of Worcester) at Westminster Abbey; he was enthroned at Ely Cathedral on 26 April. During his time at Ely he returned to his hometown for the re-opening of a newly refurbished church of St. Mary the Virgin, Aylesbury in 1869. In December 1873, he was translated to the see of Winchester; he was enthroned at Winchester Cathedral on 11 December.
Browne was a high churchman and in 1885, Browne set up the first diocesan organisation of the Mothers' Union, which had previously been a simple parish meeting chaired by Mary Sumner in Old Alresford.
Browne was a moderating influence in the conflict arising from Essays and Reviews and the Pentateuch criticism of J. W. Colenso. His work, An Exposition of the Thirty-nine Articles: Historical and Doctrinal. New York: E.P. Dutton. 1874. held its place as a standard work for many years.
Marriage and familyEdit
In 1840, Browne married Elizabeth Carlyon (daughter of Philip Carlyon).
Styles and titlesEdit
- Kitchin, George (1895). Edward Harold Browne, D.D., Lord Bishop of Winchester and Prelate of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. London: John Murray.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 663. .
- Buckland, Augustus Robert (1901). Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 304. .
- Cross, F. L.; Livingstone, Elizabeth A., eds. (2005). "Browne, Edward Harold". The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. London: Oxford University Press. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3.
- Portraits of Harold Browne at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- "Bibliographic directory" from Project Canterbury
| Vice-principal of St Davids College, Lampeter
| Norrisian Professor of Divinity
|Church of England titles|
| Bishop of Ely
| Bishop of Winchester