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Edward Finch (British Army officer)

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General the Hon. Edward Finch (26 April 1756 – 27 October 1843) was a British Army general and a member of parliament.

Edward Finch
Born (1756-04-26)26 April 1756
Died 27 October 1843(1843-10-27) (aged 87)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Flanders Campaign;Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland;Egyptian Campaign;Copenhagen

He was the fifth son of Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford and entered Westminster School in 1768 and Trinity College, Cambridge in 1773. He was awarded a B.A. in 1777.

He joined the British Army as a cornet in the 11th Dragoons in 1778, soon transferring to the 20th Light Dragoons, and the following year was promoted lieutenant into the 87th Regiment of Foot. He served in the West Indies and North America before being promoted a captain in the Coldstream Guards in 1783.[1]

In May 1789 he was elected MP for Cambridge, a seat he held continuously until 1819.[2]

In 1792 he was promoted captain and lieutenant-colonel and went with the Guards Brigade as part of the 1793 Flanders Campaign under General Lake. He was present at the actions of Caesar's Camp, Famars, and Lincelles, and at the battles of Hondschoote, Lannoy, Turcoing, and Tournay, remaining with his corps throughout the campaign. He was promoted colonel in 1796.[1]

He was present with the Guards during the Irish Rebellion of the Irish Rebellion of 1798, and commanded the 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland of 1799 and at the defeat at Bergen in September of that year.

In 1800 he was in Egypt in command of a brigade of cavalry and was promoted major-general on New Year's Day, 1801. In 1804 he was appointed a Groom of the Bedchamber to the King. In 1809 he took a brigade of Guards to Denmark, taking an active role in the bombardment of Copenhagen but did not see active service after that time.[1]

In 1808 he was appointed Regimental Colonel of the 54th Regiment of Foot,[3] transferred in 1809 to the 22nd Foot,[4] and on 12 August 1819 was promoted full general.

He died unmarried in 1843.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Dictionary of national biography". 
  2. ^ "FINCH, Hon. Edward (1756–1843), of Duke Street, Westminster". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "54th (West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 18 April 2007. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "The Cheshire Regiment". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 31 December 2006. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Whorwood Adeane
Francis Dickins
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
1789–1819
With: Francis Dickins 1789–1791
Robert Manners 1791–1819
Succeeded by
Robert Manners
Frederick Trench
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir James Henry Craig
Colonel of the 22nd (the Cheshire) Regiment of Foot
1809–1843
Succeeded by
Sir Charles James Napier
Preceded by
Oliver Nicholls
Colonel of the 54th (West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
1808–1809
Succeeded by
James Forbes, 17th Lord Forbes