Joseph Hilarius Eckhel
His father was farm-steward to Count Zinzendorf, and he received his early education at the Jesuits' College, Vienna, where at the age of fourteen he was admitted into the order. He devoted himself to antiquities and numismatics. After being engaged as professor of poetry and rhetoric, first at Steyr and afterwards at Vienna, he was appointed in 1772 keeper of the cabinet of coins at the Jesuits' College, and in the same year he went to Italy for the purpose of personal inspection and study of antiquities and coins. At Florence he was employed to arrange the collection of the grand duke of Tuscany; and the first-fruits of his study of this and other collections appeared in his Numi veteres anecdoti, published in 1775.
On the suppression of the Society of Jesus in 1773, Eckhel was appointed by the empress Maria Theresa of Austria professor of antiquities and numismatics at the University of Vienna, and this post he held for twenty-four years. He was in the following year made keeper of the imperial cabinet of coins, and in 1779 appeared his Catalogus Vindobonensis numorum veterum.
Eckhel's main work is the Doctrina numorum veterum, in 8 vols, the first of which was published in 1792, and the last in 1798.
According to the 1911 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica:
The author's rich learning, comprehensive grasp of his subject, admirable order and precision of statement in this masterpiece drew from C. G. Heyne enthusiastic praise, and the acknowledgment that Eckhel, as the Coryphaeus of numismatists, had, out of the mass of previously loose and confused facts, constituted a true science.
A volume of Addenda, prepared by Steinbuchel from Eckhel's papers after his death, was published in 1826.
Among his other works are:
- Choix de pierres gravées du Cabinet Imperial des Antiques (1788)
- A school-book on coins entitled Kurzgefasste Anfangsgrunde zur alten Numismatik (1787)
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (May 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Daniela Williams, Bernhard Woytek "The scholarly correspondence of Joseph Eckhel (1737-1798): a new source for the history of numismatics", Beiträge zum 6. Österreichischen Numismatikertag 2014 (Hall in Tirol, 14.-16. Mai 2014), Haller Münz-Blätter 8 (2015), pp. 45–56.
- Daniela Williams, Bernhard Woytek "Zoëga studente di numismatica. Il soggiorno a Vienna (1782) e i contatti con Joseph Eckhel", in K. Ascani, P. Buzi, D. Picchi (eds), The Forgotten Scholar: Georg Zoëga (1755‒1809). At the Dawn of Egyptology and Coptic Studies, Leiden ‒ Boston 2015, pp. 101‒110
- Daniela Williams, "Gaetano Marini e Joseph Eckhel tra numismatica ed epigrafia", in M. Buonocore (ed.) Gaetano Marini (1742-1815) protagonista della cultura europea. Scritti per il bicentenario della morte, (Studi e Testi 492-493) Città del Vaticano 2015, pp. 785-796.
- Daniela Williams, "Reflections on the history of numismatic research: exploring the life and work of Joseph Eckhel (1737-1798) through the lens of FINA (Fontes Inediti Numismaticae Antiquae)", in International Numismatic Council INC Compte Rendu 62 (2015), pp. 73‒78.
- Daniela Williams, "Joseph Eckhel and his correspondents from Sicily and the south of Italy: the Prince of Torremuzza (Palermo) and Michele Vargas Macciucca (Naples)", in M. Caccamo Caltabiano et alii XV International Numismatic Congress. Taormina 2015. Proceedings, Roma-Messina 2017, vol. 1, pp. 291-295.
- Daniela Williams, "Charlotte Sophie Bentinck, Joseph Eckhel and numismatics" Virtus. Journal of Nobility Studies 25 (2018), pp. 127-143.
- Daniela Williams, "Joseph Eckhel (1737-1798) and the coin collection of Queen Christina of Sweden in Rome", Journal of the History of Collections 31 (2019).
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- . Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.