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Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science (RFU) is a private graduate school in North Chicago, Illinois. It has more than 2,000 students in five schools: Chicago Medical School, College of Health Professions, College of Pharmacy, Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine, and School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies. The university is named for famous DNA crystallographer Rosalind Franklin. Photo 51, an X-ray diffraction pattern of the B form of DNA, captured by Franklin in 1952, was pivotal in the history of biology in the 20th Century. The image is depicted in the university's seal and logo.

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
Rosalind Franklin University Seal 2015.png
Former names
Finch University
MottoLife in Discovery (Vita In Inventione)
TypePrivate
EstablishedPredecessors established 1912.
PresidentWendy Rheault, PT, PhD, FASAHP, FNAP
Academic staff
702
Students2,145 (2017-2018)
Location, ,
United States
CampusUrban, 97 acres
Alumniover 20,000 (as of 2019)
ColorsMaroon, Black, and White               
Websitewww.rosalindfranklin.edu

RFU offers more than 29 study programs in graduate health-related subjects, including PhD programs for medical and basic research.[1] Interprofessional education and collaborative practice have been guiding and governing principles for the university since 2003. Students in different professional programs learn to work together to care for patients and their communities, with a new emphasis on care coordination, prevention, safety and continuous improvement. RFU students, faculty and alumni, are trained to lead interprofessional approaches to patient care in today's clinical environments and practices of the future. The university continues to develop interprofessional clinical experiences for our faculty and staff, in addition to coursework, simulation training and research. Its facilities include numerous high-tech opportunities for education and research, including a new innovation and research building[2] (opening fall 2019)[3], designed to promote collaboration among academic and industry scientists and Helix 51[4], the first bioscience incubator in Lake County, IL.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Founding of Chicago Medical SchoolEdit

The precursor of RFU, then known as Chicago Hospital-College of Medicine, was founded in Chicago in 1912. A group of physicians and community leaders formed a non-profit school to serve those medical students who were able to attend only at night. William Dorland, editor of the well-known medical dictionary bearing his name, was dean of the School for a time.

The School had its most noteworthy period of development under the direction of Dr. John J. Sheinin, who served as dean and president from 1932 to 1966. The institution successfully met the challenges arising from the restructuring of American medical education following the Flexner Report, a time period in which more than half of all American medical schools merged or closed. In 1930, the School, by then known as Chicago Medical School, moved to what would become one of the world's largest aggregations of medical facilities. Located in downtown Chicago, this complex contained two undergraduate universities, three medical schools, seven hospitals, and colleges of dentistry, pharmacy, and nursing.[5]

The Great Depression and World War IIEdit

From the beginning, the leaders of Chicago Medical School rejected the use of quotas to limit minority enrollment, believing that only a student's merit should play a role in the admissions process.[6] Enrollment more than doubled during the Great Depression. The school became a refuge for Jewish researchers and faculty, recruited in great numbers as they fled Nazi Europe beginning in the late 1930s, and it continued to provide a haven for refugee physicians from Europe after World War II began in 1939.

In 1945, the School put its founding principles into writing when it added a nondiscrimination amendment to the CMS constitution. This amendment declared that admission to the School would be "based solely on academic accomplishment and character merit without discrimination as to race, religion, sex, or national origin.”[7]

Formation of the University of Health SciencesEdit

In the early 1960s, Dr. John Sheinin advocated the creation of another university, which would enable medical students across all disciplines to train together and learn to work in teams. This led to the formation of the University of Health Sciences/Chicago Medical School (UHS/CMS) in 1967.

The new University was one of the first schools in the country committed to developing integrated educational programs for physicians and related health professionals. This educational model, conceived by Dr. A. Nichols Taylor, then president of Chicago Medical School, and funded largely through the efforts of board chairman Herman M. Finch, brought together diagnostic, supportive, and investigative functions of medicine in one setting.[8]

The University of Health Sciences added two schools alongside Chicago Medical School: the School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, established in 1968, and the School of Related Health Sciences (now the College of Health Professions), established in 1970.

Relocation and renamingEdit

In 1980, the University moved from Chicago to its current location at 3333 Green Bay Road in North Chicago. A centerpiece of the campus was and remains the Otto L. and Hazel T. Rhoades Auditorium. The University was renamed for its chairman, Herman M. Finch, in 1993, becoming the Herman M. Finch University of Health Sciences. The Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine, founded in 1912, joined Finch University in 2001.

In 2004, the University was again renamed, this time to Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science in honor of Dr. Rosalind Franklin, whose work with X-ray crystallography provided the data and scientific basis for description of the structure of DNA, the single most important advance in modern biology. The name of the School of Related Health Sciences was changed to the College of Health Professions at this time as well.

In October 2002, the University opened its new Health Sciences Building, a 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) facility that houses laboratories, auditoriums, classrooms, a student union, a bookstore, and the Feet First Museum. In July 2003, the University opened its first phase of student housing, making the institution a residential campus for the first time in its history. In the summer of 2003, the University completed two new facilities designed to provide the latest in medical technology to students. The Education and Evaluation Center and the John J. Sheinin, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., Gross Anatomy Laboratory provide state-of-the-art equipment and multimedia resources by which students participate in invaluable training. These facilities promote the use of integrated technologies and novel approaches to the study of human anatomy, the practice of physical examination, and the art of taking a patient history.[9]

Recent ExpansionsEdit

In 2011, the University opened its fifth school, the College of Pharmacy, which is housed in the William J. and Elizabeth L. Morningstar Interprofessional Education Center (IPEC). The IPEC, which opened in July 2011, is a three-story, 23,000-square-foot building. The College of Pharmacy graduated its first class in 2015.[10]

The University has seen massive construction projects to its campus in the past few years. The Rothstein Warden Centennial Learning Center, a three-level, 73,000-square-foot building, opened in late 2013. Designed with input from students, faculty, and staff, it was intended to promote interprofessional learning and collaboration between students and faculty. Features of the new building include lecture and learning labs, computer labs, recreation areas, a media room, a fitness center, a group aerobics room, and a new cafeteria. The building was named jointly after longtime Board of Trustees chair and public health activist Ruth Rothstein and current chair Gail Warden.[11]

Two other new areas have been added to the Health Sciences Building. The Margot A. Surridge Student Welcome Center opened in the fall of 2014. The DeWitt C. Baldwin Institute for Interprofessional Education opened in 2014 and was dedicated on May 15 of that year. The Baldwin Institute is dedicated to advancing interprofessional education and practice in medical and health professions. It is named in honor of Dr. DeWitt Baldwin, who is often recognized as the father of interprofessional education.

A statue of namesake Rosalind Franklin was also unveiled in front of the school in May 2014; in attendance at this ceremony were the niece and nephew of Dr. Rosalind Franklin.

The university's Center for Advanced Simulation in Healthcare at Northwestern Medicine Huntley Hospital, which opened in 2017 in Huntley, IL, is a 30,000 square foot “virtual health system” that uses modern technology and simulation-based training models to help students master clinical skills and behaviors in a realistic, work-based environment. The center is operated by RFU’s Department of Healthcare Simulation, which is accredited by the Society for Simulation in Healthcare.

A new research park, called the Innovation and Research Park, was announced on September 8, 2017[12]. The new $50 million facility will be over 100,000 square feet of lab, office, and research space. The building is scheduled to open in the fall of 2019.

SchoolsEdit

 
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, front lawn near Green Bay Road, North Chicago, Illinois

Chicago Medical SchoolEdit

Chicago Medical School (CMS), founded in 1912, confers clinical degrees. The entering class each year contains approximately 190 students. During the first two years, students enrolled at CMS study a core of basic sciences that include Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Anatomy, Microbiology and Immunology, and many more.[13] The students then transition to clinical experiences for their third and fourth years. CMS students have completed rotations in Anesthesiology, Emergency Medicine, Neurology, OB/GYN, Pediatrics, Surgery, and many other specialties. Upon completion of coursework, students are awarded a Doctorate of Medicine (MD).

Chicago Medical School has had accreditation issues starting in 2004[14] and again in 2013,[15] where it was placed on probation by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education. In February 2014, the LCME determined that the school's areas of concern are no longer in non-compliance.[16] The LCME is the major accrediting body for educational programs at medical schools in the United States and Canada.

College of Health ProfessionsEdit

The College of Health professions (CHP) was founded as the School of Related Health Sciences in 1970 and took on its present name in 2004. It is a professional school which offers masters and doctoral programs in Interprofessional Healthcare Studies, Nurse Anesthesia, Nutrition, Pathologists' Assistant, Doctor of Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant, Psychology, Biomedical Sciences, Health Administration, and Health Promotion and Wellness.[17]

Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric MedicineEdit

The Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine (SCPM) was founded in 1912 by William Scholl and others. The school merged with Rosalind Franklin University in 2001. SCPM's program is closely integrated with CMS and other colleges at Rosalind Franklin University. Students participate in multiple rounds, including ER, infectious diseases, surgery, and internal medicine.

SCPM is an international leader in podiatric research. The Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research (CLEAR) at Rosalind Franklin University conducts research with a special emphasis on diabetic foot and limb preservation.[18] In 2005, SCPM and Advocate Medical Group established the National Center for Limb Preservation at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital in Park Ridge, Illinois.

The campus has a podiatric museum, named Feet First: The Scholl Story, dedicated to the life and work of Dr. William M. Scholl.

School of Graduate and Postdoctoral StudiesEdit

The School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies (SGPS) offers several programs, including interdisciplinary graduate programs in biomedical sciences as well as combined degree programs leading to MD/PhD and DPM/PhD degrees.

College of PharmacyEdit

The College of Pharmacy (COP), founded in 2011, is the University's newest school. Its four-year program prepares students to practice in a variety of settings.

The pharmacy curriculum includes four types of teaching environments: lectures, workshops (where students work in small groups to solve problems and discuss patient cases), labs (where students practice formulating unique drug dosage forms or practice patient care in simulated environments), and experiential courses (clinical rotations). Rotations begin in the first year and are required throughout the program. The COP partners with medical centers, clinics, and community pharmacies in the Chicago and Wisconsin metropolitan areas to provide rotations.

Upon completion of coursework, students are awarded a Doctorate of Pharmacy (PharmD).

The COP is the only college of pharmacy in Lake County.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Programs of Study". Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  2. ^ https://www.rosalindfranklin.edu/news/rosalind-franklin-university-breaks-ground-on-innovation-and-research-park/
  3. ^ https://www.rosalindfranklin.edu/news/innovation-and-research-park-construction-update/
  4. ^ https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-bioscience-incubator-opens-in-chicagoland-300882731.html
  5. ^ "Our University History". Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ Masterson, Judy (6 September 2012). "Rosalind Franklin Begins Centennial Celebration" (PDF). Lake County News Sun. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science: A Centennial View (PDF). Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science. 2012. p. 8. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  8. ^ Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science: A Centennial View (PDF). Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science. 2012. p. 10. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Our University History". Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ Masterson, Judy (June 12, 2015). "Rosalind Franklin University Graduates its First Pharmacy Class". Lake County News Sun.
  11. ^ "RWCLC: Form Follows Function" (PDF). Helix: 14–15. Spring 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-03. Retrieved 30 September 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  12. ^ "Rosalind Franklin University Breaks Ground on New Science Park". Rosalind Franklin University.
  13. ^ "Chicago Medical School 2013-2014 Academic Catalog" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 August 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ "Medical school put on probation. Administration, ties to hospitals, student debt cited".
  15. ^ "LCME". Archived from the original on 2013-11-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ "Dean's Blog, March 14, 2014".
  17. ^ "College of Health Professions". Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  18. ^ "Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research (CLEAR)". Retrieved 30 September 2014.

External linksEdit