Dothan (Hebrew: דֹתָן) (also Dotan) was a location mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible. It has been identified with Tel Dothan (Arabic: تل دوثان), also known as Tel al-Hafireh, located adjacent to the Palestinian town of Bir al-Basha, and ten kilometers (driving distance) southwest of Jenin, near Dotan Junction of Route 60.
The modern consensus is that the archaeological site of Tel Dothan corresponds to ancient Dothan.
Other proposed locationsEdit
Dothan is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (Book of Genesis) in connection with the history of Joseph, as the place in which the sons of Jacob (Israel) had moved their sheep and, at the suggestion of Judah, the brothers sold Joseph to the Ishmaelite merchants (Gen. 37:17). It later appears as the residence of Elisha (Second Book of Kings, 2 Kings 6:13) and the scene of a vision of chariots and horses of fire surrounding the mountain on which the city stood.
History and archaeologyEdit
Northern kingdom of Israel (Samaria)Edit
A bronze bull has been found in an Israelite sanctuary east of Tell Dothan, in the mountains of Samaria, dated to around the 11th century, which may be related to the episode of the golden calf.
...I saw a huge tell at the distance of only a few hundred yards from our way, covered over with ruins, and the fragment of an ancient aqueduct, that had been supported on arches. I asked Abu Monsur the name of the tell, and the answer was, "Haida Dothan" (that is, Dothan). "Dothan," I asked, "Dothan?" "Nahm; Dothan, Dothan, Dothan!" exclaimed the testy old shech, as if hurt at my not believing him at the instant. My object in reiterating the question was to get him to repeat the name; for the discovery of Dothan was a very special circumstance, with respect to which I was anxious to assure myself, by having the name properly pronounced.
Modern use of the nameEdit
- Shahin, Mariam (2005). Palestine: A Guide. Interlink Books. ISBN 978-1-56656-557-8.
Tel al-Hafireh (Tel Dothan) Tel al-Hafireh is an archeological site that lies 6 kilometers south of Jenin, close to the village of Bir al-Basha.
- Daniel M. Master; John Monson. "Tel Dothan 2002 Overview". Harvard University: Faculty of arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- "Tel Dothan (photo and map)". panoramio.com. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- Robinson, Edward, Biblical Researches in Palestine and the Adjacent Regions, second edition, page 122; "footnote 434: We learned afterwards from Mr Van de Velde, that he too had unexpectedly lighted upon Dothan a few days earlier."
- Eusebius of Caesarea, Onomasticon (1971), Notes edited by. C. Umhau Wolf under "Merran", accessed 27 December 2017
- Velde, van de, Charles William Meredith (1854). Narrative of a journey through Syria and Palestine in 1851 and 1852. Vol. 1. William Blackwood and son. p. 364.
- 2 Kings 6:17
- Judith 4:6
- Master; Monson; Lass; Peirce (2005). Dothan I: Remains from the Tell (1953-1964). Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
- Miglio (2014). "Epigraphic Artifacts from Tell Dothan". BASOR.
- Ellenblum, R. (2007). Crusader Castles and Modern Histories. Cambridge University Press. p. 173. ISBN 9781139462556. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
- Bonar, Horatius (1858). The Land of Promise: Notes of a Spring-journey from Beersheba to Sidon. James Nisbet & Company. p. 384.
See Van de Velde's Syria and Palestine vol. i. p. 364. That traveller may claim the discovery of the site. He visited the spot, whereas E Robinson, like ourselves, only had it pointed out at a distance
- Master, Daniel M.; Larsen, Timothy; Monson, John; Egon H. E. Lass; George A. Pierce (2005). Dothan: Remains from the Tell (1953-1964). Eisenbrauns. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-57506-115-3.
- Conder, C.R. (1878). Tent work in Palestine. A record of discovery and adventure. Vol. 1. Internet.archive (from Harvard collection). (pp. 116 -117)
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Vol. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. (p. 215)
- Guérin, V. (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). Vol. 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale. (pp. 219-222)
- Maundrell, H. (1703). A Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem: At Easter, A. D. 1697. Oxford: Printed at the Theatre. (p. 57)
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. (p. 194)
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. Vol. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. (pp. 316 - 317)
- Zertal, A. (2004). The Manasseh Hill Country Survey. Vol. 1. Boston: BRILL. ISBN 9004137564. (pp. 149-150)
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 11: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Dothan: Remains from the tel (1953-1964), Daniel M. Master