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County of Greenland, Denmark

The County of Greenland was an amt (county) of Denmark, comprising Greenland and its associated islands, before home rule was granted to Greenland.

County of Greenland
Kalaallit Nunaat
County of Denmark

Flag Coat of arms
Flag of Denmark Coat of arms
Location of Greenland
Mainland Denmark in Lime Green. Greenland (in upper left corner box) in dark green.
 •  1953-1972 Frederick IX
 •  1972-1979 Margrethe II
 •  1950–1960 Poul Hugo Lundsteen
 •  1960–1963 Finn C. Nielsen
 •  1963–1973 Niels Otto Christensen
 •  1973–1979 Hans Lassen
 •  Established 5 June 1953
 •  home rule 1 May 1979
Today part of  Kingdom of Denmark

History [1]Edit

In 1953 Greenland's colonial status ended with the establishment of the 1953 Danish constitution. When the colonial status ended, Greenland was incorporated into the Danish realm as a Amt (county) which gave Greenlanders Danish citizenship, as a result of this, a change in Danish policies toward Greenland that consisted of a strategy of cultural assimilation. During this period, the Danish government promoted the exclusive use of Danish in official matters, and required Greenlanders to go to Denmark for their post-secondary education; many Greenlandic children grew up in boarding schools in southern Denmark, many losing their cultural ties to Greenland. The policy also backfired to produce a reassertion of Greenlandic cultural identity by the Greenlandic elite, leading to a movement in favour of independence that reached its peak in the 1970s; because of this, a further desire to establish the legality of Greenland's status formed in Denmark, resulting in the Home Rule Act of 1979, which gave Greenland limited autonomy with its own legislature taking control of some internal policies, while the Parliament of Denmark maintained full control of external policies, security, and natural resources. The law came into effect on 1 May 1979.

See alsoEdit