Council of People's Commissars of Azerbaijan

The Council of People's Commissars of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan SSR Xalq Komissarları Soveti) was established as the governing body of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Accounts differ as to whether it was formed on 28 April 1920 (Mil'man and Guliev) or at the First All-Azerbaijan Congress of Soviets, 6-19 May (Kharmandarian).[1]:267 The 11th Red Army had moved into north Azerbaijan following the defeat of General Anton Denikin's Volunteer Army. The Baku Bureau of Kavkraikom (the Caucasian Regional Committee) of the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) had held a joint meeting with the Communist Party of Azerbaijan on 27 April at which they formed the Azerbaijan Revolutionary Committee (Azrevkom).[1]:108 This new body issued an ultimatum to the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, who immediately surrendered:[2] The Red Army had sent an armoured train directly to Baku which arrived on 28 April.[3] The terms of the surrender passed lawful power to Azrevkom, to whom several key figures had been appointed in their absence. In particular Nariman Narimanov was absent having travelled to Moscow to see Lenin and Stalin and only arrived in Baku on 16 May. Thus although he was declared the chairperson of the AzSovnarkom, this was a role he could only truly assume when he arrived in the middle of the First All-Azerbaijan Congress of Soviets. The senior Bolsheviks responsible for stage managing the foundation of the AzSovnarkom were Sergei Kirov and Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze.[1]

Bolshevik rally in Baku, 1920 with both the 11th Red Army and the local public

Original membership of AzSovnarkomEdit

Established 28 April 1920:[4]

Later developmentEdit

On 28 November 28, Movsum Kadyrli was appointed People’s Commissar of Health of the AzSSR. He held this position until January 21, 1935.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Alstadt, Audrey (1992). The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity under Russian Rule. Stanford California: Hoover Press.
  2. ^ Swietochowski, Tadeusz. "National Consciousness and Political Orientations in Azerbaijan, 1905-1920" (PDF). Wilson Center. Wilson Center. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  3. ^ Zeynaloğlu C. (1992) Müxtəsər Azərbaycan tarixi, 1992, p.142
  4. ^ a b "Азербайджанская ССР. Правительство". "Our Baku e.V." ("Наш Баку"). Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  5. ^ "İldırımlı yollarla" [On path of a lightening]. Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  6. ^ Декреты Азревкома 1920-1921 гг: сборник документов. Azerbaijan State Publ., 1988; p. 428.
  7. ^ "Алиев Самед Ага Агамали оглы". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  8. ^ Zardabli, Ismail bey (2014). THE HISTORY OF AZERBAIJAN: from ancient times to the present day. London: Rossendale Books. ISBN 9781291971316.
  9. ^ "Uzaq Komidə - Sovet uran yatağını kəşf etmiş alim-geoloq". Retrieved 21 May 2019.