Citrus × sinensis

  (Redirected from Citrus sinensis)

Citrus × sinensis, also known as the Citrus sinensis (Sweet Orange Group), includes the commonly cultivated sweet oranges, including blood oranges and navel oranges.[1]

Citrus × sinensis
Oranges on a tree
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
C. × sinensis
Binomial name
Citrus × sinensis

Chemical CompositionEdit

Orange fruit and Orange leaf both are reported to contain indole alkaloids including N,N-DMT.

Every orange in your local grocery store is a Schedule I substance. Every person who buys them is a potential criminal. Every company that imports either the fruit or its juice is engaged in the international trafficking of a Schedule I substance.

is said in sarcasm.[2][3]


The orange fruit is an important agricultural product, used for both the juicy fruit pulp and the aromatic peel (rind). Orange blossoms (the flowers) are used in several different ways, as are the leaves and wood of the tree.


  • The orange blossom, which is the state flower of Florida,[4] is highly fragrant and traditionally associated with good fortune. It has long been popular in bridal bouquets and head wreaths.
  • Orange blossom essence is an important component in the making of perfume.
  • Orange blossom petals can also be made into a delicately citrus-scented version of rosewater, known as "orange blossom water" or "orange flower water". It is a common ingredient in French and Middle Eastern cuisines, especially in desserts and baked goods. In some Middle Eastern countries, drops of orange flower water are added to disguise the unpleasant taste of hard water drawn from wells or stored in qullahs (traditional Egyptian water pitchers made of porous clay). In the United States, orange flower water is used to make orange blossom scones and marshmallows.
  • In Spain, fallen blossoms are dried and used to make orange tea.
  • Orange blossom honey (or citrus honey) is obtained by putting beehives in the citrus groves while trees bloom. By this method, bees also pollinate seeded citrus varieties. This type of honey has an orangey taste and is highly prized.[citation needed]


  • Orange leaves can be boiled to make orange tea.


  • Orangewood sticks are used as cuticle pushers in manicures and pedicures, and as spudgers for manipulating slender electronic wires.
  • Orangewood is used in the same way as mesquite, oak, and hickory for seasoning grilled meat.


Giant swallowtail larvaEdit

Giant swallowtail caterpillars (Papilio cresphontes) cause serious damage to this crop, especially to young trees.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Citrus sinensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Florida State Symbols". Florida Department of State. Division of Historical Resources. Archived from the original on 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  5. ^ "Giant Swallowtail, Orangedog, Papilio cresphontes Cramer (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)1 (PDF Download Available)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-11-14.

External linksEdit