Chengyang Kingdom

  (Redirected from Chengyang Commandery)

Chengyang Kingdom (Chinese: 城陽國) was a kingdom of China's Han and Jin dynasties, located in present-day southeastern Shandong.

Chengyang was originally a commandery in the Qi Kingdom of early Han dynasty. The territory was granted to Princess Yuan of Lu as her fief in 193 BC,[1] but was returned to Qi in 179 BC. In 178 BC, Liu Zhang, a son of King Daohui of Qi, became the first King of Chengyang.[2] The capital was Ju. Throughout the Western Han dynasty, a total of 53 marquessates was created on the territories of Chengyang and added to the neighboring commanderies.[3] In late Western Han, the kingdom covered only 4 counties: Ju, Yangdu (陽都), Dong'an (東安) and Lü (虑). The population in 2 AD was 205,784 individuals, or 56,642 households.[4] Zhang's descendants held the kingdom until Wang Mang's usurpation. After the restoration of Eastern Han, the kingdom was granted to Liu Zhi (劉祉), a relative of the Emperor Guangwu. Zhi died in 35 AD, and Chengyang was converted to a commandery. In 37, the commandery was merged into Langya.[5]

In 198, Chengyang Commandery was recreated during Cao Cao's rule in 198 AD. After the foundation of Jin dynasty, Chengyang was again converted to a kingdom/principality and was successively granted to Sima Zhao (司馬兆), a brother of Emperor Wu of Jin,[6] and later Sima Jing (司馬景) and Sima Xian (司馬憲), two sons of Emperor Wu.[7]

KingsEdit

  • Liu Zhang (劉章), King Jing (景) of Chengyang, 178 – 176 BC;
  • Liu Xi (劉喜), King Gong (共) of Chengyang, 176 – 168 BC, 165 – 143 BC;
  • Liu Yan (劉延), King Qing (頃) of Chengyang, 143 – 117 BC;
  • Liu Yi (劉義), King Jing (敬) of Chengyang, 117 – 108 BC;
  • Liu Wu (劉武), King Hui (惠) of Chengyang, 108 – 97 BC;
  • Liu Shun (劉順), King Huang (荒) of Chengyang, 97 – 51 BC
  • Liu Hui (劉恢), King Dai (戴) of Chengyang, 51 – 43 BC;
  • Liu Jing (劉景), King Xiao (孝) of Chengyang, 43 – 19 BC;
  • Liu Yun (劉雲), King Ai (哀) of Chengyang, 19 – 18 BC;
  • Liu Li (劉俚), 16 BC – 9 AD;[8]
  • Liu Zhi (劉祉), 26 – 35 AD.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Book of Han, Chapter 2.
  2. ^ Book of Han, Chapter 4.
  3. ^ Zhou, Zhenhe (1987). Xihan Zhengqu Dili 西汉政区地理. Beijing: People's Press. pp. 108–112.
  4. ^ Book of Han, Chapter 28.
  5. ^ a b Book of Later Han, Chapter 1.
  6. ^ Book of Jin, Chapter 38.
  7. ^ Book of Jin, Chapter 64.
  8. ^ Book of Han, Chapter 14.