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Charles Arthur Anderson (September 26, 1899 – April 26, 1977) was a U.S. Representative from Missouri.

Charles Arthur Anderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 12th district
In office
January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1941
Preceded byJames R. Claiborne
Succeeded byWalter C. Ploeser
Personal details
BornSeptember 26, 1899
DiedApril 26, 1977 (aged 77)
Political partyDemocrat

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Anderson attended the public schools. He graduated from St. Charles Military Academy in 1916 and from the law school of St. Louis University, LL.B., 1924 where he received his Masters of Jurisprudence Degree. He received his law degree from Harvard University. During the First World War, he served in the 128th Field Artillery Regiment, 35th Division, under Harry Truman, from April 1, 1917, to July 2, 1919, with nineteen months service overseas. He was admitted to the bar in 1924 and commenced practice in St. Louis, Missouri. C. Arthur Anderson married Dorothy Johnson in 1929. They had seven children: Charles Arthur Anderson, Donald Edward Anderson, David Owen Anderson, Mary Adelle Anderson, Robert Klenfelter Anderson, Roger Duncan Anderson, and Thomas Eugene Anderson. He served as prosecuting attorney of St. Louis County in 1933–1937. He prosecuted the famous Kelley Kidnapping Case in 1934 and 1935. On October 9, 1934, he was driving home after the trial and "some gangsters" ran his car off the road. C. Arthur suffered a compound fracture in his right leg and later developed an infection. This forced him to use a cane for the rest of his life.

Anderson was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fifth and to the Seventy-sixth Congresses (January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1941). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1940 to the Seventy-seventh Congress. He served as chairman of the Democratic State convention at St. Louis in 1940. He resumed the practice of law in St. Louis, Missouri, where he died April 26, 1977. He was interred in Sunset Burial Park.


  • United States Congress. "Charles Arthur Anderson (id: A000184)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Charles Arthur Anderson at Find a Grave
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
James R. Claiborne
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 12th congressional district

Succeeded by
Walter C. Ploeser