Holy Rosary Cathedral, Kolkata
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The Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary, commonly known as the Portuguese Church, in Kolkata, is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta. It is also known as the Murgihata Church and was founded in 1799.
|Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary|
|Completed||27 Nov. 1799|
|Construction cost||Rs 90,000|
|Number of towers||2|
|Archdiocese||Archdiocese of Calcutta|
|Province||Archdiocese of Calcutta|
The cathedral has a decorated pediment, flanked on either side by two domed towers and an extended portico with arched entrance way. The interior contains beautiful sculptures including 14 Stations of the Cross. Behind the altar, there are the figures of Madonna and Child. The remains of the first Archbishop of Calcutta lie below the altar.
Job Charnock founded the city of Kolkata in 1690. Portuguese from Hooghly settled in the new town. They constructed a chapel and were attended by Augustinian priests. The Cathedral was founded in 1797. In 1799, the chapel was replaced by the church which is used today as the cathedral. It was the main Church of the Padroado in Kolkata till 1834, when it became the first parish Church of the newly erected Vicariate Apostolic of Bengal. The Salesians took over charge from the Jesuits in 1921 and they, in turn, handed it over to the diocesan clergy in 1972. In 1979, the cathedral annexe was constructed.
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